William & Mary | Earl Gregg Swem Library Special Collections Database


Archibald Woods Papers, 1777-1846

Archibald Woods Papers, 1777-1846
Mss. 65 W87
10.5 Cubic Feet
More Extent Information
2775 items
Scope and Contents

Papers, chiefly 1783-1846, of Archibald Woods of Ohio County, West Virginia. The papers concern his family, the Poage family, and the Houston family, as well as his business dealings. Correspondents include Levi Barber, Daniel Call, Philip Doddridge, Chapman Johnson, Henry Lee, James Pindall, Benjamin Ruggles, Daniel Sheffey and John Tyler, Edgar Campbell Wilson, George Washington Wilson and Thomas Wilson. Subjects dealt with in the collection include banking, cholera, the Cumberland Road, land speculation, pioneer life near Wheeling, West Virginia and in Kentucky and Indiana, formation of and early days in Belmont and Monroe counties, Ohio (including the founding of Woodsfield, Ohio), the Northwest Territory, Indians of North America, family life, marriage and courtship, Virginia militia during peacetime and in the War of 1812, Ohio politics, sale of slaves and the Whiskey Rebellion. There are also letters of members of the Baker and Morgan families of Fauquier County, Virginia and Wheeling, West Virginia which concern life in St. Louis, Missouri during the 1840's.

Addition to folder 1482:  December 31, 1824 letter from Z. Jacobs in Richmond, Virginia to Archibald Woods regarding moving the College of William and Mary to Richmond.

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This collection is arranged chronologically by date.
Woods, Archibald (1764-1846)
Baker family
Barber, Levi
Call, Daniel (1765 (ca.)-1840)
Doddridge, Philip (1773-1832)
Johnson, Chapman (1779-1849)
Lee, Henry (1756-1818)
Morgan family
Pindall, James (1783 (ca.)-1825)
Ruggles, Benjamin (1783-1857)
Sheffey, Daniel (1770-1830)
Tyler, John, Jr. (1819-1898)
Wilson, Edgar Campbell (1800-1860)
Wilson, George Washington (b. 1807)
Wilson, Thomas (1765-1826)
Administrative/Biographical History
A Federalist, Woods served in the Virginia House of Delegates and was a member of the Virginia Convention of 1788. He briefly served in the Revolutionary War and later was an officer of the Virginia militia, attaining the rank of colonel before resigning in 1816. Woods was president and a director of the North Western Bank of Virginia. He owned a flour mill, traded whiskey and leased out land. One of the founders of Woodsfield, Ohio, Woods was a land speculator in the military warrant land in the Northwest Territory and bought public land in Ohio and Indiana in addition to having extensive holdings in West Virginia. He was also either a principal or involved in some way with lawsuits to either settle land disputes or to collect money. He promoted the building the Cumberland Road which passed through Wheeling.
Banks and banking--United States--History
Belmont County (Ohio)--History
Cholera--United States
College of William and Mary--History--19th century
Cumberland Road
Fauquier County (Va.)--History--19th century
Indians of North America
Indians of North America--History--19th century
Marriage--United States--History--19th century
Monroe County (Ohio)--History
Northwest, Old--History
Ohio--History--19th century
Ohio County (W. Va.)--History
Saint Louis (Mo.)--History--19th century
Slavery--West Virginia--History
Virginia--Militia--History--War of 1812
Wheeling (W.Va.)--History
Whiskey Rebellion, Pa., 1794
Woodsfield (Ohio)--History
Financial records

Detailed Description

Full Finding Aid/Box List

Administrative Information

Collection is open to all researchers. Before publishing quotations or excerpts from any materials, permission must be obtained from the Manuscripts and Rare Books Librarian, and the holder of the copyright, if not Swem Library. Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, such as the Virginia Public Records Act (Code of Virginia. § 42.1-76-91); and the Virginia Freedom of Information Act (Code of Virginia § 2.2-3705.5). Confidential material may include, but is not limited to, educational, medical, and personnel records. If sensitive material is found in this collection, please contact a staff member immediately. The disclosure of personally identifiable information pertaining to a living individual may have legal consequences for which the College of William and Mary assumes no responsibility.
Acquisition Note
 Source: Mrs. Frank Woods Batten..
Gift: 2,674 items, 11 May 1940. Gift: 101 items, 2 January 1942.
Preferred Citation
Archibald Woods Papers, Special Collections Research Center, Swem Library, College of William and Mary.
Collection Material Type:
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