William & Mary | Earl Gregg Swem Library Special Collections Database


Civil War Collection, 1856-1938

Civil War Collection, 1856-1938
Mss. 39.1 C76
2.95 Cubic Feet
Scope and Contents
The Civil War Collection is an artificial collection of material, chiefly 1861-1865, pertaining to the American Civil War including items from Union and Confederate forces. The collection includes both official and private correspondence, orders, descriptions of campaigns and battles, articles concerning the war, and artifacts. There are Confederate bonds and currency; pardons; poems and songs; autographs; maps; muster rolls; pen and ink sketches of camp life; engineers' drawings; a memorandum of signals used by Confederate steamers when approaching batteries; letters concerning civilian conditions in West Virginia; general orders of the Army of the Potomac; and papers concerning Union quartermaster stores, 1863-1864. The collection also contains a receipt for a slave to work on Richmond fortifications; copy of report on the Battle of Williamsburg and artist's conception of the charge; and a Virginia secession cockade. The original pencil sketch of "The Only Union Lady in Williamsburg" (Mary Ann Bowden) drawn by a Union soldier during the Battle of Williamsburg, May 5-6, 1862, is found in this collection.
On-line Images/Records
View associated digital content.
Other URL
The original compilation of the collection (Series 1)  is grouped by Confederate Items and Union Items. Additions to the original collection are filed by accession number and described in Series 2.
Allen, S.L.
Barton (Captain)
Burwell, Armistead (b. 1811)
Calhoun, James
Carpenter, Adam F.
Coe, William
Crawford, Samuel Wylie (Brigadier General) (1829-1892)
Deland, Martin
Deraino, Nelson
Early, W.T.
Gorsuch, Joseph B. (Captain)
Hersum, George L.
Hoyt, Henry M.
Humphreys, David
Jencks (Lt.)
Lynch, William
Moore, Franklin
Park, Frank C.
Rensie, Charles C.
Sargent,  Oliver H.
Schwartz, Benjamin
Shepley, George F. (Brigadier General)
Skelly, J.H.
Smart, Mollie
Turner, Charles E.
West, Robert M.
Woodville, William, Jr.
Woolworth, R.H.
Worcester, Almond F., Jr.
Yoder, Edward R.
Young, Edward Rush (1825-1890)
Blackwater, Battle of, 1863
Bowden, Mary Ann
Camp Allen (Jamestown Island, Va.)
College of William and Mary--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 13th.  Company D
Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 14th
Cooke, Catharine G
Culpeper County (Va.)--History--19th century
Eastern State Hospital (Va.)
Fredericksburg (Va.), Battle of, 1862
Gloucester County (Va.)--History--19th century
Hampton (Va.)--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Hampton, Wade, 1818-1902
Jackson, Stonewall, 1824-1863
Jamestown (Va.)--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Kensel, George A. (Lt. Colonel)
Legal documents
Louisa County (Va.)--History--19th century
Military pensions.
Money--Confederate States of America
Paper money
Peninsular Campaign, 1862
Petersburg (Va.)--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Philosophy and religion
Political cartoons
Portsmouth (Va.)--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Richmond (Va.)--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Schley, Ann C.
Suffolk, Battle of, Va., 1863
Surry County (Va.)--History--19th century
Surry County (Va.)--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--African Americans
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Diaries
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Hospitals
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Maps
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Naval operations--Confederate States
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Participation, African American
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Poetry
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Regimental histories--Army of the Potomac
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Songs and music
United States. Army--Supplies and stores
United States. Army. Massachusetts Infantry Regiment, 1st
United States. Army. Massachusetts Infantry Regiment, 10th
United States. Army. Massachusetts Infantry Regiment, 22nd
United States. Army. Massachusetts Mounted Rifles, 1st
United States. Army. New York Infantry Regiment, 70th
United States. Army. New York Infantry Regiment, 142nd (1861-1865)
United States. Army. New York Volunteers, 55th. Company C
United States. Army. Ohio Volunteers
United States. Army. Pennsylvania Cavalry Regiment, 5th (1861-1865)
United States. Army. Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment, 61st
United States. Army. Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment, 101st
United States. Army. Rhode Island Volunteers, 2nd
United States. Army. Vermont Infantry Regiment, 2nd
United States. Navy--History--Civil War
Vicksburg (Miss.)--History
Virginia--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Warwick (Newport News, Va.)--History--18th century
Williamsburg (Va.)--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Williamsburg, Battle of, Williamsburg, Va., 1862
Wren Building (Williamsburg, Va.)
Yorktown (Va.)--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Account books
Drawings and graphics
Financial records
Letters (correspondence)
Maps--United States
Orders (military records)
Receipts (financial records)
Watercolors (drawings)
Unprocessed Materials
James Taylor drawing, "Rear View of William and Mary College" & "Fortifications at Yorktown," August, 1862

Detailed Description

Full Finding Aid/Box List

Administrative Information

Collection is open to all researchers. Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, such as the Virginia Public Records Act (Code of Virginia. § 42.1-76-91); and the Virginia Freedom of Information Act (Code of Virginia § 2.2-3705.5). Confidential material may include, but is not limited to, educational, medical, and personnel records. If sensitive material is found in this collection, please contact a staff member immediately. The disclosure of personally identifiable information pertaining to a living individual may have legal consequences for which the College of William and Mary assumes no responsibility.
Before reproducing or quoting from any materials, in whole or in part, permission must be obtained from the Special Collections Research Center, and the holder of the copyright, if not Swem Library.
Acquisition Note
 Source: Various gifts..
Acquisition information for material received after 7/13/2009 is available by consulting a Special Collections Research Center staff member. Purchased 589 items prior to 1941; purchased 12 items on 12/26/1941; received 6 items 4/7/1958, gift of Mrs. George P. Coleman including Acc. 1957.58; gift of J. T. Baldwin in 1971; gift of 9 items from Alberta J. Portergen in 1976; purchase from Henry Stevens, Sons, & Stiles in 5/1980; purchase from Dana's House, Tx. in 10/1980; received 4 items in 3/1982; purchase in 9/1982; purchase from James Lowe in 12/1982; gift of 3 items from Ruth J. Staton in 5/1984; transfer from the US Military Collection in 5/1985; gift of John Weaver in 7/1985; purchase of 1 item from Howard Mott on 1/20/1988; purchase of 1 item from Bauman on 4/20/1988; 1991.58, 2 items as gift of Spencer and Ruth Timm; 1992.19, 1 item as gift of Ralph Poriss; 1995.06, 1 item purchased, 2/21/1995; Acc. 1997.64, 5 items as gift (copies) through Fay Savadge (originals in National Archives), 11/17/1997; 1998.04, 1 item purchased, 2/10/1998; 1998.24, 2 items purchased, 6/10/1998; 1998.47, 21 items as gift of Christian Vinyard; 1998.61, purchase from Ralph Poriss; 1999.18, 2 items as gift of David Upshur; 2001.17, 1 item purchased; 2003.23, 1 item.  unknown; 2003.23, 1 item purchased; 2003.58, 1 item;  2003.43, 1 item purchased; 2003.55, 1 item purchased; 2003.57, 1 item purchased; 2003.58, 1 item purchased; 2004.06, 1 item purchased; 2004.40, 1 item purchased; 2004.41, 1 item purchased; 2004.57, 1 item purchased; 2005.59, 1 item purchased; 2006.13, 1 item purchased; 2006.57, 1 item purchased; 2006.64, 1 item purchased; 2006.71, 1 item purchased. 2008.41, 1 item purchased. 2010.399, gift of Philip Hairston Seawell, per Gene L. Hardin.
Related Materials

For more information please see http://guides.swem.wm.edu/civilwar.
Related Publications
Two of Willie McLean's letters from this collection (in Box 2, Folder 1) have been published in Jeff Toalson, "No soap, no pay, diarrhea, dysentery & desertion" (Lincoln, Neb.: iUniverse, 2006).
Preferred Citation
Civil War Collection, Special Collections Research Center, Swem Library, College of William and Mary.
Finding Aid Revisions:
Original Accession and additions intellectually combined in 2009 by Anne Johnson. Updated in June 2011 by Benjamin Bromley due to an addition.
Collection Material Type:
Other Note
The transcription project of "From Fights to Rights: The Long Road to a More Perfect Union" is a massive effort by volunteers to transcribe thousands of manuscripts such as diaries and letters from Special Collections and make them available online at http://scrcdigital.swem.wm.edu/collections/show/1 .
Printer-friendly Printer-friendly | Email Us Email Us