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Tyler Family Papers, Group A, 1716-1946

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Collection Overview

Title
Tyler Family Papers, Group A, 1716-1946
ID
Mss. 65 T97 Group A
Extent
11.0 Cubic Feet
Primary Creator
Tyler, John (1790-1862)
Other Creators
Ellis, Pearl Tyler (1860-1947), Semple, James, Semple, Letitia Tyler (1821-1907), Spencer, Julia Gardiner Tyler (1849-1871), Tyler Family, Tyler, David Gardiner (1846-1927), Tyler, John, Jr. (1819-1898), Tyler, Julia Gardiner (1820-1889), Tyler, Lachlan (1851-1902), Tyler, Letitia Christian (1790-1842), Tyler, Lyon Gardiner (1853-1935), Tyler, Robert (1816-1878), Tyler, Robert Fitzwater (1856-1927), Tyler, Tazewell (1830-1874)
Arrangement
Any letter by a Tyler or a Tyler spouse is under the writer, even it the recipient was also a Tyler. Arrangement after President Tyler's papers is by his first wife and their descendants, and then his second wife and their descendants.
Date Acquired
12/15/1922
Forms of Material
Account books., Correspondence, Diaries, Financial records, Receipts (financial records), Speeches
Languages
English

Restrictions

Access
Collection is open to all researchers. Before publishing quotations or excerpts from any materials, permission must be obtained from the Manuscripts and Rare Books Librarian, and the holder of the copyright, if not Swem Library. Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, such as the Virginia Public Records Act (Code of Virginia. § 42.1-76-91); and the Virginia Freedom of Information Act (Code of Virginia § 2.2-3705.5). Confidential material may include, but is not limited to, educational, medical, and personnel records. If sensitive material is found in this collection, please contact a staff member immediately. The disclosure of personally identifiable information pertaining to a living individual may have legal consequences for which the College of William and Mary assumes no responsibility.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

Papers, 1716-1944, of the John Tyler family of "Sherwood Forest," Charles City County, Va. The collection contains correspondence, 1818-1862, of John Tyler concerning politics, War of 1812 claims, presidential election of 1840, land purchases in western Virginia, Kentucky and Illinois, "Sherwood Forest," business matters and his family.

Some of the children of John Tyler and his first wife, Letitia Christian Tyler, are represented in the collection: Robert Tyler (and wife, Elizabeth Priscilla Cooper Tyler), John Tyler, Jr., Letitia Tyler Semple (and husband James A. Semple) and Tazewell Tyler.

A great part of the collection consists of the papers of John Tyler's second wife, Julia Gardiner Tyler, which concern education, clothes, social life, political appointments, slavery, the Civil War, "Sherwood Forest," familiy, and pensions for presidential widows. All of the children of John Tyler and Julia Gardiner Tyler are represented in the collection: David Gardiner Tyler, John Alexander Tyler, Julia Gardiner Tyler Spencer, Lyon Gardiner Tyler, Lachlan Tyler, Robert Fitzwalter Tyler and Pearl Tyler Ellis.

An introduction to the collection, including biographies of members of the Tyler family, can be found at:

http://scrc.swem.wm.edu/findingaids/Tyler_Family_Intro.pdf

Biographical Note

John Tyler was the 10th president of the United States. John Tyler was born the son of John Tyler, Sr. (1747-1813) and Mary Armistead (1761-1797), in Charles City County, Virginia, as the second of eight children. He was the 10th President of the United States. Other offices held include Governor of Virginia, U.S. Senator, member of the House of Representatives, member of the Virginia House of Delegates, Captain of a military company, and other offices.

He was educated at the College of William and Mary and went on to study law with his father. John Tyler was married twice. His first wife was Letitia Christian Tyler with whom he had 8 children; she died in the White House in September 1842. His second wife was Julia Gardiner Tyler (July 23, 1820 - July 10, 1889), with whom he had 7 children.

Subject/Index Terms

Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Box:

[Box 1: Papers of early Tyler family (1716-1873) and John Tyler (1830-1848), 1716-1873],
[Box 2: Papers of John Tyler, 1849-1853],
[Box 3: Papers of John Tyler, 1854-1862],
[Box 4: Papers of Robert Tyler, Eldest Son of President John Tyler, 1836-1856],
[Box 5: Papers of Robert Tyler continued., 1857-1875, n.d.],
[Box 6: Correspondence of descendants and family of Priscilla and Robert Tyler, 1844-1866],
[Box 7: Papers of Elizabeth Tyler Waller descendants, Alice Tyler Denison, Bessie Denison Allen Williams, Tazewell Tyler, Annie Bridges Tyler, Martha Trent Tyler, and Julia Gardiner Tyler, 1846-1943],
[Box 8: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, 1846-1866],
[Box 9: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, continued., 1861-1868],
[Box 10: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, continued., 1869-1872],
[Box 11: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, continued., 1875-1881],
[Box 12: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, continued., 1882-1889],
[Box 13: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, continued., undated],
[Box 14: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, continued., undated],
[Box 15: Papers of David Gardiner Tyler, 1857-1880],
[Box 16: Papers of David Gardiner Tyler, continued., 1881-1928, n.d.],
[Box 17: Papers of David Gardiner Tyler descendants, 1919-1934],
[Box 18: Papers of John A. Tyler, Sarah G. Tyler, Lillian H. Tyler, Julia Tyler Spencer, William Spencer, Julia S. Fleurot, and Lachlan Tyler, 1857-1935],
[Box 19: Papers of Lachlan Tyler, George P. Tyler, and Robert F. Tyler, 1872-1927],
[Box 20: Papers of Robert F. Tyler, Fannie G. Tyler, and Cora K. Tyler, 1893-1927],
[Box 21: Papers of Pearl Tyler Ellis and her descendants, 1869-1947],
[Box 22: Manuscript Volumes; concerns Julia Tyler, David G. Tyler, and Robert F. Tyler, 1837-1915],
[All]

Box 16: Papers of David Gardiner Tyler, continued., 1881-1928, n.d.
Folder 1: 1881-1890
Correspondence of David Gardiner Tyler including correspondence with pearl (Tyler) Ellis, mother Julia Gardiner Tyler, William M. Evarts and Robert Fitzwalter Tyler concerning news of Charles City Co.; "Berkeley" plantation; court cases in Charles Chity County; the death of his brother, John Alexander Tyler; his intentions to marry; detaild accounts of social events; his political career; opening of college under Tyler (1888). 29 itmes.
Folder 2: 1891-1894
Correspondence of David Gardiner Tyler including correspondence with Annie (Tucker) Tyler and Lyon G. Tyler, especially concerning news of friends and relatives; mortgage on "Sherwood Forest"; his election to the U.S. Congress; his actions as a congressman; this possibilities of securing another term in Congress. 28 items.
Folder 3: 1895-1900
Correspondence of David Gardiner Tyler including correspondence with Annie (Tucker) Tyler and Lyon G. Tyler concerning political situations in Virginia; his granting of offices; campigns and elections in which he is involved (1894 and 1896 contests for 5th District of Virginia seat in the U.S. House of Representatives); a biography about the family; his desire to run for the House seat again in 1898; regional politics. 42 items.
Folder 4: 1901-1903
Correspondence of David Gardiner Tyler including correspondence with Annie (Tucker) Tyler and Lyon G. Tyler concerning Tidewater politics; financial affairs of 'Sherwood Forest"; the illness and death of his brother, Lachlan Tyler; affairs of the College of William and Mary; Lyon Tyler's quest for politicals office; health of his family; his candidacy for Judgeship of the 14th Circut. Also includes a letter from his wife, Mary Morris Tyler, to Lyon Tyler's wife, Annie Tucker Tyler. 35 items.
Folder 5: 1904-1928
Various papers relating to David Gardiner Tyler including correspondence with Lyon G. Tyler, John Tyler, Jr., Annie (Tucker) Tyler, E.C. Madison, John Lamb, Robert Shaw Oliver, and Robert Fitzwalter Tyler, including correspondence concerning his Judgeship of the 14the Circut Court in Charles City County, Va.; state and local politics; family affairs; financial concerns; affairs of the College of William and Mary; real estate interests; his medical record; announcement of his daughter Margaret's marriage to Stepher Fowler Chadwick; an address delivered to the reunion of Confederate veterans, 1 June 1915, in Richmond, Va.; a eulogy of Gardiner given upon the presentation of his portrait to the 14th Circut Court, 19 April, 1928. 49 items.
Folder 6: undated
Various undated papers relating to David Gardiner Tyler including fragments of ltter written from Germany soon after the Civil War; a poem of unrequited love composed by him; a letter to his mother, Julia Gardiner Tyler, in which he refers to Catholic priests as "useless drones" and "stinging hornets"; a complete biography of his life; local and national politics; his studies in Germany and at Washington [and Lee] College; romantic interests and family concerns. 13 items.

Browse by Box:

[Box 1: Papers of early Tyler family (1716-1873) and John Tyler (1830-1848), 1716-1873],
[Box 2: Papers of John Tyler, 1849-1853],
[Box 3: Papers of John Tyler, 1854-1862],
[Box 4: Papers of Robert Tyler, Eldest Son of President John Tyler, 1836-1856],
[Box 5: Papers of Robert Tyler continued., 1857-1875, n.d.],
[Box 6: Correspondence of descendants and family of Priscilla and Robert Tyler, 1844-1866],
[Box 7: Papers of Elizabeth Tyler Waller descendants, Alice Tyler Denison, Bessie Denison Allen Williams, Tazewell Tyler, Annie Bridges Tyler, Martha Trent Tyler, and Julia Gardiner Tyler, 1846-1943],
[Box 8: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, 1846-1866],
[Box 9: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, continued., 1861-1868],
[Box 10: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, continued., 1869-1872],
[Box 11: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, continued., 1875-1881],
[Box 12: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, continued., 1882-1889],
[Box 13: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, continued., undated],
[Box 14: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, continued., undated],
[Box 15: Papers of David Gardiner Tyler, 1857-1880],
[Box 16: Papers of David Gardiner Tyler, continued., 1881-1928, n.d.],
[Box 17: Papers of David Gardiner Tyler descendants, 1919-1934],
[Box 18: Papers of John A. Tyler, Sarah G. Tyler, Lillian H. Tyler, Julia Tyler Spencer, William Spencer, Julia S. Fleurot, and Lachlan Tyler, 1857-1935],
[Box 19: Papers of Lachlan Tyler, George P. Tyler, and Robert F. Tyler, 1872-1927],
[Box 20: Papers of Robert F. Tyler, Fannie G. Tyler, and Cora K. Tyler, 1893-1927],
[Box 21: Papers of Pearl Tyler Ellis and her descendants, 1869-1947],
[Box 22: Manuscript Volumes; concerns Julia Tyler, David G. Tyler, and Robert F. Tyler, 1837-1915],
[All]

Administrative Information

Repository
Special Collections Research Center
Acquisition Method
W&M Special Collections Research Center began acquiring and collecting Tyler family papers in 1922 and the collection has grown considerably since. The vast majority of this collection was donated by generous family and friends of the Tyler family between 1922 and 2002, with the bulk of the collection being donated to in 1949 by Mrs. Sue Ruffin Tyler and in 1955 by the children of Lyon G. Tyler. Some materials in this collection were purchased by W&M Special Collections Research Center. Acc. 1982.09 was received on 3/1/1982. Acc. 1982.10 was purchased and received on 3/17/1982. Acc. 1983.57 was purchased and received on 11/14/1983. Acc. 1984.03 was purchased and received on 1/24/1984. Acc. 1985.60 was purchased and received on 12/18/1985. 1986.04 was purchased and received on 3/5/1986. Acc. 1987.08 was purchased and received on 2/6/1987. Acc. 1987.30 was purchased and received on 5/27/1987. Acc. 1988.26 was purchased and received on 6/28/1988. Acc. 1988.27 was purchased and received on 6/29/1988.
Related Materials
See the Tyler Family Papers, Groups B-H, as well as the Tyler Family Papers Additions, A-H.
Related Publications
See Lyon G. Tyler, The Letters and Times of the Tylers (Richmond, 1884-1896), and Robert Seagar, And Tyler, Too: a Biography of John Tyler and Julia Gardiner Tyler (N.Y.: McGraw-Hill, 1963.). Letters of Robert Tyler were printed in Philip Gerald Auchampaugh, Robert Tyler: Southern Rights Champion (Duluth, 1934).
Preferred Citation
Tyler Family Papers, Group A, Special Collections Research Center, Swem Library, College of William and Mary.