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Tyler Family Papers, Group A, 1716-1946

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Collection Overview

Title
Tyler Family Papers, Group A, 1716-1946
ID
Mss. 65 T97 Group A
Extent
11.0 Cubic Feet
Primary Creator
Tyler, John (1790-1862)
Other Creators
Ellis, Pearl Tyler (1860-1947), Semple, James, Semple, Letitia Tyler (1821-1907), Spencer, Julia Gardiner Tyler (1849-1871), Tyler Family, Tyler, David Gardiner (1846-1927), Tyler, John, Jr. (1819-1898), Tyler, Julia Gardiner (1820-1889), Tyler, Lachlan (1851-1902), Tyler, Letitia Christian (1790-1842), Tyler, Lyon Gardiner (1853-1935), Tyler, Robert (1816-1878), Tyler, Robert Fitzwater (1856-1927), Tyler, Tazewell (1830-1874)
Arrangement
Any letter by a Tyler or a Tyler spouse is under the writer, even it the recipient was also a Tyler. Arrangement after President Tyler's papers is by his first wife and their descendants, and then his second wife and their descendants.
Date Acquired
12/15/1922
Forms of Material
Account books., Correspondence, Diaries, Financial records, Receipts (financial records), Speeches
Languages
English

Restrictions

Access
Collection is open to all researchers. Before publishing quotations or excerpts from any materials, permission must be obtained from the Manuscripts and Rare Books Librarian, and the holder of the copyright, if not Swem Library. Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, such as the Virginia Public Records Act (Code of Virginia. § 42.1-76-91); and the Virginia Freedom of Information Act (Code of Virginia § 2.2-3705.5). Confidential material may include, but is not limited to, educational, medical, and personnel records. If sensitive material is found in this collection, please contact a staff member immediately. The disclosure of personally identifiable information pertaining to a living individual may have legal consequences for which the College of William and Mary assumes no responsibility.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

Papers, 1716-1944, of the John Tyler family of "Sherwood Forest," Charles City County, Va. The collection contains correspondence, 1818-1862, of John Tyler concerning politics, War of 1812 claims, presidential election of 1840, land purchases in western Virginia, Kentucky and Illinois, "Sherwood Forest," business matters and his family.

Some of the children of John Tyler and his first wife, Letitia Christian Tyler, are represented in the collection: Robert Tyler (and wife, Elizabeth Priscilla Cooper Tyler), John Tyler, Jr., Letitia Tyler Semple (and husband James A. Semple) and Tazewell Tyler.

A great part of the collection consists of the papers of John Tyler's second wife, Julia Gardiner Tyler, which concern education, clothes, social life, political appointments, slavery, the Civil War, "Sherwood Forest," familiy, and pensions for presidential widows. All of the children of John Tyler and Julia Gardiner Tyler are represented in the collection: David Gardiner Tyler, John Alexander Tyler, Julia Gardiner Tyler Spencer, Lyon Gardiner Tyler, Lachlan Tyler, Robert Fitzwalter Tyler and Pearl Tyler Ellis.

An introduction to the collection, including biographies of members of the Tyler family, can be found at:

http://scrc.swem.wm.edu/findingaids/Tyler_Family_Intro.pdf

Biographical Note

John Tyler was the 10th president of the United States. John Tyler was born the son of John Tyler, Sr. (1747-1813) and Mary Armistead (1761-1797), in Charles City County, Virginia, as the second of eight children. He was the 10th President of the United States. Other offices held include Governor of Virginia, U.S. Senator, member of the House of Representatives, member of the Virginia House of Delegates, Captain of a military company, and other offices.

He was educated at the College of William and Mary and went on to study law with his father. John Tyler was married twice. His first wife was Letitia Christian Tyler with whom he had 8 children; she died in the White House in September 1842. His second wife was Julia Gardiner Tyler (July 23, 1820 - July 10, 1889), with whom he had 7 children.

Subject/Index Terms

Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Box:

[Box 1: Papers of early Tyler family (1716-1873) and John Tyler (1830-1848), 1716-1873],
[Box 2: Papers of John Tyler, 1849-1853],
[Box 3: Papers of John Tyler, 1854-1862],
[Box 4: Papers of Robert Tyler, Eldest Son of President John Tyler, 1836-1856],
[Box 5: Papers of Robert Tyler continued., 1857-1875, n.d.],
[Box 6: Correspondence of descendants and family of Priscilla and Robert Tyler, 1844-1866],
[Box 7: Papers of Elizabeth Tyler Waller descendants, Alice Tyler Denison, Bessie Denison Allen Williams, Tazewell Tyler, Annie Bridges Tyler, Martha Trent Tyler, and Julia Gardiner Tyler, 1846-1943],
[Box 8: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, 1846-1866],
[Box 9: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, continued., 1861-1868],
[Box 10: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, continued., 1869-1872],
[Box 11: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, continued., 1875-1881],
[Box 12: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, continued., 1882-1889],
[Box 13: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, continued., undated],
[Box 14: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, continued., undated],
[Box 15: Papers of David Gardiner Tyler, 1857-1880],
[Box 16: Papers of David Gardiner Tyler, continued., 1881-1928, n.d.],
[Box 17: Papers of David Gardiner Tyler descendants, 1919-1934],
[Box 18: Papers of John A. Tyler, Sarah G. Tyler, Lillian H. Tyler, Julia Tyler Spencer, William Spencer, Julia S. Fleurot, and Lachlan Tyler, 1857-1935],
[Box 19: Papers of Lachlan Tyler, George P. Tyler, and Robert F. Tyler, 1872-1927],
[Box 20: Papers of Robert F. Tyler, Fannie G. Tyler, and Cora K. Tyler, 1893-1927],
[Box 21: Papers of Pearl Tyler Ellis and her descendants, 1869-1947],
[Box 22: Manuscript Volumes; concerns Julia Tyler, David G. Tyler, and Robert F. Tyler, 1837-1915],
[All]

Box 18: Papers of John A. Tyler, Sarah G. Tyler, Lillian H. Tyler, Julia Tyler Spencer, William Spencer, Julia S. Fleurot, and Lachlan Tyler, 1857-1935
Folder 1: 1864-1865
Correspondence of John Alexander Tyler during and immediately following the Civil War concerning his return to Virginia after leaving his family in New York; his attempts to join the confederate navy; his sentiments towards the war; his life and studies in Germany after the war. Most of the letters are addressed to his mother, Julia Gardiner Tyler, pleading for money, letters, and clothes. 27 items.
Folder 2: 1866-1870
Correspondence of John Alexander Tyler including letters to mother Julia Gardiner Tyler, sister Julia (Tyler) Spencer, brother David Gardiner Tyler, and to James Semple while attending school in Germany concerning family matters; financial problems; illness; his military srevice in the German army; advice to his sister Julie not to "turn Catholic"; frequent requests for money and letters; discussion of the American political situation; the war raging in Europe; including letters to mother Julia Gardiner Tyler, sister Julia (Tylre) Spencer, brother David Gardiner Tyler and James Semple. 28 items.
Folder 3: 1871-1882 and undated
Correspondence of john Alexander Tyler concerning news of his sister's [Julia Tyler Spencer] tragic death; completion of his studies in Germany; his continued financial problems and fears of debtors' prison; pleas to his mother [Julia Gardiner Tyler] for financial help; his reutnr to the United States and search for employment; his marriage to Sarah Griswold Gardiner; his job as government suveyor. 26 items.
Folder 4: 1875-1923 and undated
Correspondence of Sarah [Griswold Gardiner] Tyler including letters to Julia (Gardiner) Tyle, David Gardiner Tyler, and Lyon G. Tyler concerning her marriage to John Alexander Tyler; her husband's financial and employment struggles' her difficulties following his death in 1883; family news; social news; the frequent illness of her own children; her plans to erect a monument to her late husband. 8 items.
Folder 5: undated, ante 1910
Correspondence of Lillian "Daisy" Horsford Tyler, daughter of John Alexander, to Lyon [G.Tyler] concerning family news; the "jolly time" she had in Florida; her photograph and autograph collections. 3 items.
Folder 6: 1857-1870
Various papers of Julia "Julie" [Tyler] Spencer including letters to Julia Gardiner Tyler, David Gardiner Tyler, Lachlan Tyler and Harry G. Beeckman including correspondence concerning her active social life and her many suitors; news of family and friends; her schooling at Sacred Heart Convent; her brothers [John Alexander Tyler and David Gardiner Tyler] and cousin Harry Beeckman in Germany; her courtship and marriage to William H. Spencer. In addition are poems which she composed, an invitation to her wedding, a newspaper clipping describing her wedding ceremony, love letters from William H. Spencer, and two callign cards. 33 items.
Folder 7: 1868-1875
Correspondence of William H. Spencer with mothre-in-law Julia Gardiner Tyler and wife Julia (Tyler) Spencer concerning his courtship of Julia Tyler; her sudden death; his attempts at sheep farming in Colorado and California after her death; his hopes to make a proper home for his infant daughter, Julia Tyler Spencer. 19 items.
Folder 8: 1882-1935
Correspondence of Julia [Tyler Spencer] Fluerot Cheever including correspondence with sister Pearl (Tyler) Ellis, Robert Fitzwalter Tyler, Annie (Tucker) Tyler, Lyon G. Tyler and Sue (Ruffin) Tyler discussing various Tyler family mattersl her life with Fluerot relatives in Europe after her grandmother's [Julia Gardiner Tyler] death; her close relationship with her Aunt Pearl [Pearl Tyler]; concern for her Uncle Fitz [Robert Fitzwalter Tyler]; her first marriage to her cousin Feorge Fluerot; her many travels throughout Europe and occasional visits to the United States; her homes in Paris and on the Riviera; her first husband's illness and death; her second marriage to Durante Cheever; news of her Uncle Lyon's [Lyon G. Tyler] death; the situation in Europe during the Depression and just prior to World War II. 25 items.
Folder 9: 1863-1874
Correspondence of Lachlan Tyler including correspondence with brother Lachlan Tyler?, brother David Gardiner Tyler, mother Julia Gardiner Tyler, and brother Lyon Gardiner Tyler concerning news of family and friends; financial poblems; social news; his search for a profession; his caretaking of the family home in New York; his medical studies at columbia; the death of his sister [Julia Tyler Spencer]; his anger over his brother's [John Alexander Tyler] decision to join the German Army. 22 items.
Folder 10: 1876-1882
Correspondence of Lachlan Tyler including correspondence with mother Julia (Gardiner) Tyler, sister Pearl Tyler Ellis, and brother Lyon G. Tyler concerning news of the family; social and political news; the completion of his medical studies and various attempts at practicing medicine; his many financial problems; the health of his wife, Georgia Powell and his mother Julia Gardiner Tyler; his hope that his rother [Robert Fitzwalter Tyler] might settle on "some fixed purpose" in life and his sister [Pearl Tyler] might find her own "particular niche"; the bitterness felt towards his step-brothers and sisters; application to become an assistant surgeon in the U.S. Navy and his disappointment over his failure to pass the Navy's preliminary physical exam. 27 items.
Folder 11: 1891-1902
Various papers of Lachlan Tyler including receipts and correspondence with family and acquaintances. Most of the letters are to his brother, Lyon G. Tyler, discussing the family financial matters; his job with the New York State Health Department; financial problems of his brother, Robert Fitzwalter Tyler; local and state politics. Also, there is a letter from George Fluerot to Lyon G. Tyler concerning Lachlan Tyler's death in 1902. 33 items.

Browse by Box:

[Box 1: Papers of early Tyler family (1716-1873) and John Tyler (1830-1848), 1716-1873],
[Box 2: Papers of John Tyler, 1849-1853],
[Box 3: Papers of John Tyler, 1854-1862],
[Box 4: Papers of Robert Tyler, Eldest Son of President John Tyler, 1836-1856],
[Box 5: Papers of Robert Tyler continued., 1857-1875, n.d.],
[Box 6: Correspondence of descendants and family of Priscilla and Robert Tyler, 1844-1866],
[Box 7: Papers of Elizabeth Tyler Waller descendants, Alice Tyler Denison, Bessie Denison Allen Williams, Tazewell Tyler, Annie Bridges Tyler, Martha Trent Tyler, and Julia Gardiner Tyler, 1846-1943],
[Box 8: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, 1846-1866],
[Box 9: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, continued., 1861-1868],
[Box 10: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, continued., 1869-1872],
[Box 11: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, continued., 1875-1881],
[Box 12: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, continued., 1882-1889],
[Box 13: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, continued., undated],
[Box 14: Papers of Julia Gardiner Tyler, continued., undated],
[Box 15: Papers of David Gardiner Tyler, 1857-1880],
[Box 16: Papers of David Gardiner Tyler, continued., 1881-1928, n.d.],
[Box 17: Papers of David Gardiner Tyler descendants, 1919-1934],
[Box 18: Papers of John A. Tyler, Sarah G. Tyler, Lillian H. Tyler, Julia Tyler Spencer, William Spencer, Julia S. Fleurot, and Lachlan Tyler, 1857-1935],
[Box 19: Papers of Lachlan Tyler, George P. Tyler, and Robert F. Tyler, 1872-1927],
[Box 20: Papers of Robert F. Tyler, Fannie G. Tyler, and Cora K. Tyler, 1893-1927],
[Box 21: Papers of Pearl Tyler Ellis and her descendants, 1869-1947],
[Box 22: Manuscript Volumes; concerns Julia Tyler, David G. Tyler, and Robert F. Tyler, 1837-1915],
[All]

Administrative Information

Repository
Special Collections Research Center
Acquisition Method
W&M Special Collections Research Center began acquiring and collecting Tyler family papers in 1922 and the collection has grown considerably since. The vast majority of this collection was donated by generous family and friends of the Tyler family between 1922 and 2002, with the bulk of the collection being donated to in 1949 by Mrs. Sue Ruffin Tyler and in 1955 by the children of Lyon G. Tyler. Some materials in this collection were purchased by W&M Special Collections Research Center. Acc. 1982.09 was received on 3/1/1982. Acc. 1982.10 was purchased and received on 3/17/1982. Acc. 1983.57 was purchased and received on 11/14/1983. Acc. 1984.03 was purchased and received on 1/24/1984. Acc. 1985.60 was purchased and received on 12/18/1985. 1986.04 was purchased and received on 3/5/1986. Acc. 1987.08 was purchased and received on 2/6/1987. Acc. 1987.30 was purchased and received on 5/27/1987. Acc. 1988.26 was purchased and received on 6/28/1988. Acc. 1988.27 was purchased and received on 6/29/1988.
Related Materials
See the Tyler Family Papers, Groups B-H, as well as the Tyler Family Papers Additions, A-H.
Related Publications
See Lyon G. Tyler, The Letters and Times of the Tylers (Richmond, 1884-1896), and Robert Seagar, And Tyler, Too: a Biography of John Tyler and Julia Gardiner Tyler (N.Y.: McGraw-Hill, 1963.). Letters of Robert Tyler were printed in Philip Gerald Auchampaugh, Robert Tyler: Southern Rights Champion (Duluth, 1934).
Preferred Citation
Tyler Family Papers, Group A, Special Collections Research Center, Swem Library, College of William and Mary.