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Scott, Winfield (1786-1866)

Scott, Winfield (1786-1866)
Historical Note
Winfield Scott (June 13, 1786 - May 29, 1866) was a United States Army general, diplomat, and presidential candidate. Known as "Old Fuss and Feathers" and the "Grand Old Man of the Army", he served on active duty as a general longer than any other man in American history and most historians rate him the ablest American commander of his time. Over the course of his fifty-year career, he commanded forces in the War of 1812, the Mexican-American War, the Black Hawk War, the Second Seminole War, and, briefly, the American Civil War, conceiving the Union strategy known as the Anaconda Plan that would be used to defeat the Confederacy. A national hero after the Mexican War, he served as military governor of Mexico City. Such was his stature that, in 1852, the United States Whig Party passed over its own incumbent President of the United States, Millard Fillmore, to nominate Scott in the U.S. presidential election. Scott lost to Democrat Franklin Pierce in the general election, but remained a popular national figure, receiving a brevet promotion in 1856 to the rank of lieutenant general, becoming the first American since George Washington to hold that rank.


accessed 7 july 2007

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Records or Manuscript Collections
John Buchanan Floyd Papers, 1831-1862
Robert E. Lee to Winfield Scott Letter, 1855
Mexican-American War Collection, 1844-1847
Winfield Scott Papers, 1836-1865
Winfield Scott Letter to W.C. Preston, 1842 November 7
Digital Content
Letter, Winfield Scott to John B. Floyd, 28 February 1857