William & Mary | Earl Gregg Swem Library Special Collections Database


Tyler Family Papers, Group A, 1716-1946

Tyler Family Papers, Group A, 1716-1946
Mss. 65 T97 Group A
11.0 Cubic Feet
Scope and Contents

Papers, 1716-1944, of the John Tyler family of "Sherwood Forest," Charles City County, Va. The collection contains correspondence, 1818-1862, of John Tyler concerning politics, War of 1812 claims, presidential election of 1840, land purchases in western Virginia, Kentucky and Illinois, "Sherwood Forest," business matters and his family.

Some of the children of John Tyler and his first wife, Letitia Christian Tyler, are represented in the collection: Robert Tyler (and wife, Elizabeth Priscilla Cooper Tyler), John Tyler, Jr., Letitia Tyler Semple (and husband James A. Semple) and Tazewell Tyler.

A great part of the collection consists of the papers of John Tyler's second wife, Julia Gardiner Tyler, which concern education, clothes, social life, political appointments, slavery, the Civil War, "Sherwood Forest," familiy, and pensions for presidential widows. All of the children of John Tyler and Julia Gardiner Tyler are represented in the collection: David Gardiner Tyler, John Alexander Tyler, Julia Gardiner Tyler Spencer, Lyon Gardiner Tyler, Lachlan Tyler, Robert Fitzwalter Tyler and Pearl Tyler Ellis.

An introduction to the collection, including biographies of members of the Tyler family, can be found at:


On-line Images/Records
View associated digital content.
Any letter by a Tyler or a Tyler spouse is under the writer, even it the recipient was also a Tyler. Arrangement after President Tyler's papers is by his first wife and their descendants, and then his second wife and their descendants.
Tyler, John (1790-1862)
Ellis, Pearl Tyler (1860-1947)
Semple, James
Semple, Letitia Tyler (1821-1907)
Spencer, Julia Gardiner Tyler (1849-1871)
Tyler Family
Tyler, David Gardiner (1846-1927)
Tyler, John, Jr. (1819-1898)
Tyler, Julia Gardiner (1820-1889)
Tyler, Lachlan (1851-1902)
Tyler, Letitia Christian (1790-1842)
Tyler, Lyon Gardiner (1853-1935)
Tyler, Robert (1816-1878)
Tyler, Robert Fitzwater (1856-1927)
Tyler, Tazewell (1830-1874)
College of William and Mary--Alumni and alumnae
Education--Virginia--History--19th century
Legal documents
Patronage, Political--United States--History
Sherwood Forest (Virginia : Estate)
Slavery--Virginia--19th century
Tyler, John, 1790-1862
Tyler family
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
United States--History--War of 1812
United States--Politics and Government
United States--Presidents
Virginia--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Virginia--History--Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775
Women--Virginia--Social life and customs
Account books
Financial records
Receipts (financial records)

Detailed Description

Full Finding Aid/Box List

Administrative Information

Collection is open to all researchers. Before publishing quotations or excerpts from any materials, permission must be obtained from the Manuscripts and Rare Books Librarian, and the holder of the copyright, if not Swem Library. Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, such as the Virginia Public Records Act (Code of Virginia. § 42.1-76-91); and the Virginia Freedom of Information Act (Code of Virginia § 2.2-3705.5). Confidential material may include, but is not limited to, educational, medical, and personnel records. If sensitive material is found in this collection, please contact a staff member immediately. The disclosure of personally identifiable information pertaining to a living individual may have legal consequences for which the College of William and Mary assumes no responsibility.
Acquisition Note
W&M Special Collections Research Center began acquiring and collecting Tyler family papers in 1922 and the collection has grown considerably since. The vast majority of this collection was donated by generous family and friends of the Tyler family between 1922 and 2002, with the bulk of the collection being donated to in 1949 by Mrs. Sue Ruffin Tyler and in 1955 by the children of Lyon G. Tyler. Some materials in this collection were purchased by W&M Special Collections Research Center. Acc. 1982.09 was received on 3/1/1982. Acc. 1982.10 was purchased and received on 3/17/1982. Acc. 1983.57 was purchased and received on 11/14/1983. Acc. 1984.03 was purchased and received on 1/24/1984. Acc. 1985.56 purchased and received on 11/8/1985. Acc. 1985.60 was purchased and received on 12/18/1985. 1986.04 was purchased and received on 3/5/1986. Acc. 1987.08 was purchased and received on 2/6/1987. Acc. 1987.30 was purchased and received on 5/27/1987. Acc. 1988.26 was purchased and received on 6/28/1988. Acc. 1988.27 was purchased and received on 6/29/1988.
Related Materials
See the Tyler Family Papers, Groups B-H, as well as the Tyler Family Papers Additions, A-H.
Related Publications
See Lyon G. Tyler, The Letters and Times of the Tylers (Richmond, 1884-1896), and Robert Seagar, And Tyler, Too: a Biography of John Tyler and Julia Gardiner Tyler (N.Y.: McGraw-Hill, 1963.). Letters of Robert Tyler were printed in Philip Gerald Auchampaugh, Robert Tyler: Southern Rights Champion (Duluth, 1934).
Preferred Citation
Tyler Family Papers, Group A, Special Collections Research Center, Swem Library, College of William and Mary.
Collection Material Type:
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