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John Marshall Papers, 1755-1835

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Collection Overview

Title
John Marshall Papers, 1755-1835
ID
Mss. 39.1 M34
Extent
434.0 Items
Primary Creator
Marshall, John (1755-1835)
Arrangement
Organization: This collection is organized into 4 series. Series 1 contains correspondence and papers of John Marshall, family members and other individuals; Series 2 contains printed material, poems and charts; Series 3 contains prints, engravings, and artifacts; and Series 4 contains manuscript volumes. Arrangement: This collection is primarily arranged chronologically by date.
Date Acquired
01/11/1935
Forms of Material
Correspondence
Languages
English

Restrictions

Access
Collection is open to all researchers. Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, such as the Virginia Public Records Act (Code of Virginia. § 42.1-76-91); and the Virginia Freedom of Information Act (Code of Virginia § 2.2-3705.5). Confidential material may include, but is not limited to, educational, medical, and personnel records. If sensitive material is found in this collection, please contact a staff member immediately. The disclosure of personally identifiable information pertaining to a living individual may have legal consequences for which the College of William and Mary assumes no responsibility.
Use
Before reproducing or quoting from any materials, in whole or in part, permission must be obtained from the Special Collections Research Center, and the holder of the copyright, if not Swem Library.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

Original letters and copies of letters from other repositories, chiefly 1788-1835, of John Marshall's correspondence with his wife, Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall, other family members, James Monroe, Joseph Story, Bushrod Washington, and others. The correspondence reflects Marshall's wide range in interests including law, Virginia and U. S. politics, international affairs, agriculture and social events. Also included are letters by family members and descendants; a charcoal sketch and copies of visual representations of John Marshall; and places and events associated with him.

All papers in this collection have been published in the Papers of John Marshall.

Biographical Note

John Marshall (1755-1835) was born near Germantown, Prince William (currently Fauquier) County, Virginia on 24 September 1755 to parents Thomas Marshall and Mary Randolph Keith. From 1775-1781, Marshall served in the Continental Army and fought in the Revolutionary War. During the spring and summer of 1780, Marshall attended classes at the College of William and Mary and received his license to practice law. After the war, he moved to Richmond, Virginia and began his practice. Marshall married Mary Willis Ambler in 1783. Further information about this individual or organization may be available in the Special Collections Research Center Wiki: <a href-="http://scrc.swem.wm.edu/wiki/index.php/John_Marshall">http://scrc.swem.wm.edu/wiki/index.php/John_Marshall</a>.

Subject/Index Terms

Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence and Papers of John Marshall, Family Members and Other Individuals],
[Series 2: Printed Materials, Poems, and Charts, 1789-1959, No date],
[Series 3: Prints, Engravings, and Artifacts, 1825-1937],
[Series 4: Manuscript Volumes, 1780-1795],
[All]

Series 1: Correspondence and Papers of John Marshall, Family Members and Other Individuals
Subseries 1: Correspondence and Papers of John Marshall, 1771-1835, Undated
269 items. Boxes 1-4.
Box 1
Subseries A: Correspondence and Papers of John Marshall, 1771-1789
15 items
Folder 1
Item 1: Notice from [John Marshall] reminding commanding officers of militia companies, that men whose public arms and accoutrements do not pass inspection at musters should be fined not more than two dollars, 1775-1779?
1 Page. Autograph Letter.
Item 2: J[ohn] Marshall, [Richmond, Virginia], to [James Monroe], 12 December 1783

3 pages. Photostat of Autograph Signed Letter.

Has delivered his [Monroe's] letters to Gen[era]l [George Rogers] Clarkand [John?] Banks; discusses proceedings of the Virginia Assembly; R[ichard] H[enry] Lee's services to the Assembly are lost forever and Colo. Harry [Henry "Light Horse Harry"] Leewill probably take his place; mentions bills defining citizenship introduced by [John] Taylorand Colo. [George] Nicholas; tells of [Joseph?] Jones bill and discusses Patrick] Henry'sstyle of oratory; relates the House being split upon the issue of exclusion of the Statute Staple men; discusses military warrants for land and his [Marshall's] father, who set out for the western country on November 5.

Including Typewritten copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Originals Original is located in the Draper Collection, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin.

Item 3: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to James Monroe, Annapolis, [Maryland], 3 January 1784

3 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Blesses George Washington who resigned his commission of 23 December 1783; will put his [Monroe's] letter to Majr. [John] Crittenden into the hands of Genl. [George Rogers] Clarke, who will be in the western country in February, and who will pay close attention to his [Monroe's] military warrant; mentions that the Speaker [John Tyler] has left Richmond; laments the passage of the bill excluding Virginian delegates to Congress from serving in the Virginian legislature; "Fear of the power of Congress I have ever considered as chimerical;" Colo. [John Francis] Mercer informed him of the passage in the Continental Congress of the resolution accepting Virginia's cession of the northwest territory.

Including typewritten copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 3 pages.

Original is located in the Monroe Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Item 4: John Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to James Monroe, Annapolis, [Maryland], 7 February [17]84

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Has enclosed a bill of exchange for the one hundred dollars due him [Monroe] as a Delegate to Congress, four dollars having been expended on his land warrant now in the hands of the Surveyor.

Includes typewritten copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page.

Original is located in the James Monroe Memorial Library, Fredericksburg, Virginia.

Item 5: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to James Monroe, Annapolis, [Maryland], 24 February [17]84

3 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Claims he is unable to send money because inclement weather has hindered state tax collection; [Samuel] Egeand Monroe's former landlady, Mrs. Shera, are clamoring to be paid; mentions the impending marriage of "Little" [John] Stewart and "Kitty Hair" [Catherine Hare]; gossips about "artificial heat" of the courtships of Mr. Dunn and "your old acquaintance" Miss Shera, and of "Tabby" [Tabitha] Eppeswho "has grown quite fat & buxom, her charms...renovated," and her unsuccessful suitors: [Edward] Carrington, [?] Young, [?] Selden, [Matthew] Wright, and Foster Webb, [Jr.]; mentions other friends and state officials including [Thomas] Lomax, William] Nelson, [Jr.], [Beverley] Randolph, and [William] Short.

Original is located in the New York Public Library, New York City, New York.

Item 6: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to [James Monroe, Annapolis, Maryland], 15 May [17]84

3 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Colo. [William] Graysonis not here, but [Wilson Cary] Nicholasis; a quorum was reached on Wednesday, [May 12] and committees are being appointed; [Patrick] Henryarrived yesterday and is eager to have postponement of the tax collection; the Speaker [John Tyler] was chosen without a contest; tell Colo. [John Francis] Mercer that there lies £100 in the Treasury for him; he [John Marshall] will tell his [John Francis Mercer's] brother [James Mercer] in Fredericksburg the same; Major [John] Crittendenis again elected for Fayette County; asks him [Monroe] to deliver letters for him to Doctor [Arthur] Lee.

Photostat, Monroe Papers, Library of Congress, Washingon D.C.

Location of original is unknown.

Item 7: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to William B[ranch] Giles, 22 September 1786

3 pages.Autograph Letter Signed.

Reports he delivered his [William Branch Giles's] letter to Major [Charles] Magill while in Winchester, [Virginia] in August; discusses gaming act and several points concerning the case of his [William Branch Giles's] client, Mr. Bell; Brother James [Markham Marshall]has arrived from Kentucky and will remain in town through October.

Including Typewritten copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 8: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to James Monroe, Trenton, [New Jersey], 2 December 1784

3 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Congratulates him on his return from Montreal and the Northwest; he too wishes that the British debts resolutions had not been passed, because it tends to weaken the federal bands and provides a pretext for the British to retain possession of the forts on the lakes; [Joseph Jones] has introduced a bill to provide for seven annual payments for repayment to begin in April 1786; only bill that has been passed was one granting [James] Rumseya 10 year monopoly to develop the machine in a steamboat; discusses rejected bills, including one encouraging intermarriage with the Indians; General Assessment and circuit court bills will probably be thrown out, even with the influence of [Patrick] Henry; his [Monroe's] letter recommending Colo. [John Francis] Mercer did not arrive in time to appoint him to a position; [Joseph] James has replaced [William] Short, and [Spencer] Roane and [Miles] Selden, [Jr.]have replaced [Meriwether] Smithand Colo. [William] Christian; [Edward?] Carringtonwas very disappointed in losing by one vote when Colo. Jack Nicholas walked out on the last ballot; he [John Marshall] attempted too to promote Monroe's friend's interest, Wilson Nicholas, who is about to marry Miss [Margaret] Smithof Baltimore; his [Marshall's] father is willing to help him [Monroe] in regards to his [Monroe's] western lands, but his [John Marshall's] cousin Humphr[e]y Marshall would be better able to; discusses relative merits of selling or keeping his [Monroe's] western lands.

Photostat, Monroe Papers, Library of Congress, Washington D.C. Location of original is unknown.

Folder 2
Item 1: [John Marshall, Richmond, Virginia], to Governeur Morris, [Richmond, Virginia?], [11 June 1788]

3 pages. Autograph Letter.

Invitation to dinner; on verso is poem "Extempore at the Convention in Virginia,"written by Morris, satirizing the slowness of the proceedings of the Virginia convention called to ratify the U.S. Constitution.

Item 2: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to George Chapman, Summer Hill near Alexandria, [Virginia], 23 July [17]88

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Sends client a second subpoena as the first was never returned, concerning a suit in Chancery Court which involved title to land in Fauquier County, Virginia; asks that any depositions or affidavits be forwarded to him.

Item 3: Petition of J[ohn] Marshall acting on behalf of Robert Morris requesting that the High Court of Chancery of the Commonwealth of Virginia subpoena William Alexander and Company, compelling them to make a full accounting of their dealings while employed as tobacco agents in Virginia for Morris, Circa July 1788
10 pages. Autograph Document Signed.
Item 4: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to [George Washington], 5 September 1788

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

In response to a letter of Washington's, he [John Marshall] discusses the legalities of caveats and land patents.

Original is located in the Henry E. Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Item 5: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to John Dandridge, New Kent [County, Virginia], 25 April 1789

4 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses general English legal history of intestacy, and Virginia's laws concerning priority of payment of a decedent's debts by an executor.

Item 6: Indenture conveying Philip and Caroline Turpin's Richmond lot number 786 to John Marshall, 7 July 1789

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Document Signed.

Original is located in the Collection of the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities, on deposit at the Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Virginia.

Item 7: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Thomas Walker, Albemarle, [Virginia], 9 July 1789

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Asks for his [Thomas Walker's] account rendered to [John] Symefor other materials which will help him [John Marshall] to argue his [Thomas Walker's] court case.

Original is located in the Page Walker Manuscripts, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Subseries B: Correspondance and papers of John Marshall 1790-1799
39 items
Folder 2
Item 8: Wilson Cary Nicholas, [Albemarle County, Virginia], to John Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], 5 December 1791

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Gives Col. [Reuben] Lindsey [sic] [Lindsay]an order upon him [John Marshall] for twelve pounds.

Original is located in the Nicholas Papers, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Item 9: Ja[me]s Innes, Duval's to John Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], 28 April 1792

1 page. Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses his [John Marshall's] financial obligations to him, including £20 for a chariot; asks him to pay the governor [Henry Lee] for a hogshead of wine for him; mentions he is setting out immediately for Williamsburg.

Including Typewritten copy Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page.

Including Photostat of Autgraph Letter Signed. 1 page.

Item 10: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Francis Walker, Albemarle, [Virginia], 23 February [17]93

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Advises him [Francis Walker] to take testimony showing the value of his [Francis Walker's] lands which formerly belonged to Mr. [Nicholas] Meriwetherin preparation of his case; discusses his [Francis Walker's] other case against [William] Cabell.

Original is located in the Page Walker Manuscripts, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Item 11: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Charles Lee, Alexandria, [Virginia], 28 December [17]93

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

The case will probably be heard in March and Mrs. [?] Turnbull's presence will not be material; the subjects which the testimony should point to are the fortune of Mr. [?] Turnbull, the injury done that of Mrs. Turnbull, and the expenses she has incurred since the separation; if he [Charles Lee] can learn that, he will prove himself useful in Alexandria.

Original is located in the Collection of the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities, on deposit at the Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Virginia.

Folder 3
Item 1: J[ohn] Marshall, [Richmond, Virginia], to David Jones, Eastown, Chester County, [Pennsylvania], 17 January [17]94

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Note asking Jones to pay Garrett Cottringer $100; the bill is endorsed on the verso "Feb[ruar]y 11 1794 Reed Payment, Garrett Cottringer."

Original is located in the Free Library of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Item 2: John Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to [George Washington, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania], 31 August 1795

1 page. Negatives and positives. Photograph of Autograph Letter Signed.

Respectfully declines the Office of Attorney General of the U.S. because of his current business in Richmond.

Original is located in the RG 59, National Archives, Washington, D.C.

Item 3: J[ohn] Marshall, [Richmond, Virginia], to Charles Lee, Alexandria, [Virginia], circa December 1795

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Has transmitted to the clerk of Dumfries a transverse to the Fauquier inquest; hopes that it will be determined by means of a demurrer at the next terms; discusses why he [John Marshall] wishes this.

Original is located in the Collection of the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities, on deposit at the Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Virginia.

Item 4: J[ohn] Marshall, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall, Richmond, Virginia], 3 February [17]96

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Has just arrived safely in Philadelphia, and waits impatiently for the arrival of Mr. [Alexander] Campbell before considering a British debts case; his [John Marshall's] own case may not be taken up; mentions attending the theatre and compares Philadelphia's favorite actress, Mrs. Marshall, to Richmond's Mrs. [Anne West] Bignall; has not yet heard from his brother, James Markham Marshall; sends greetings to his children.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 5: Richmond, Virginia Deed of land based on a 28 December 1794 contract between John Marshall and John McCreery, 24 June 1796

4 pages. Autograph Document Signed.

In which he [John Marshall] sells 1,640 acres in Clarke County, Kentucky, near Strouds Station which had been patented to Marshall on 11 March 1784. At dollars per acre, McCreery pays Marshall £500 as a down payment, with the balance to be paid when full title is proved. The deed is recorded under the Seal of the General Court of Virginia on 15 June 1801.

Item 6: Thomas Marshall, Buckpond, [Woodford County, Kentucky], to "Son" [John Marshall], Richmond, [Virginia], 9 September 1796

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Upset at the news of [Rawleigh] Colston's loss, and of the postponement of his [John Marshall's] visit to Buckpond, stating "the thoughts of seeing you once more...is a principle means of keeping me alive"; is pleased with his son's "part...in the present Storm"; would like to see his grandsons but fears the journey would tax their youthful constitutions; discusses his potential bequests of his property to the family; mentions he has paid taxes on his [John Marshall's] military land, but not on that which he gave to his grandson, Tom [Thomas Marshall] in Fayette [County, Kentucky]; thinks that "the political Horizon [is about] to clear up"; asks Marshall to notify Col. [Edward] Carringtonthat he [John Marshall] has sent Mr. [Peyton] Shorts'accounts to Mr. [Oliver] Walcot [sic] [Wolcott].

Item 7: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to James Iredell, Edenton, North Carolina, 15 December [17]96

3 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses Mr. [John] Eyreand [James] Nimmo, two of Virginia's electors in the presidential election of 1796; comments upon the distribution of Virginia's electoral votes between [Thomas] Jefferson, Sam[ue]l Adams, [?] Clinton, [Aaron] Burr, Gen[era]l [George] Washington, [?] Pin[c]kney, and John Adams; the Virginia Assembly displays its former hostility to Federalism; hopes North Carolina will not "tread the crooked path of Virginia"; will furnish [Alexander James] Dallaswith his [John Marshall's] argument in the British debts case.

Original is located in the Iredell Manuscripts, Duke University Library, Durham, North Carolina.

Subseries B1: Correspondance and Papers, 1797
17 items
Folder 3
Item 8: J[ohn] Marshall, Alexandria, [Virginia], to Polly [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, [Virginia], 24 June 1797

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Tells of a day spent at Mount Vernon ("certainly one of the most delightful places in our country") on his way to Philadelphia via Alexandria; misses her so much as to send his man "Dick" to her with this letter; is treated well by his unkle [sic] [James] Keithin Alexandria; "I never was peremptory but I must now give you one positive order. It is be happy"; sends two letters which he accidentally carried off and asks her to send the one addressed to Genl. [Henry] Young to Mr. [John] Hopkins, and to send the other to his brother, [Thomas Marshall].

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 9: J[ohn] Marshall, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to Caesar Rodney, Wilmington, Delaware, 31 June [sic] [17]97, [1 July 1797]

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Thanks him [Caesar Rodney] for informing him that some papers which had slipped out of his [John Marshall's] pocket were being held by Mr. McCullough at New Castle, whom he has requested to post them to Philadelphia.

Original is located in the Free Library of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Folder 4
Item 1: J[ohn] Marshall, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 2 [sic] [3] July [17]97

4 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses his voyage up the Chesapeake from Baltimore; mentions his first meeting with President John Adams; describes "heavy gloom" which hangs around the almost bankrupt Robert Morris and family; is impressed by the Vauxhall of Philadelphia and fashionable diversions; mentions estate of Mrs. [Susan] Heyward [sic] [Hayward]on the banks of the Schuylkil.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 2: J[ohn] Marshall, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 5 July [17]97

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Is "extremely chagrined" at never receiving any mail from her; writes he will sail on the brig Grace for Amsterdam within the week to join General [Charles] Pinckney; discusses July 4th celebration of the Senators and Representatives.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 3: J[ohn] Marshall, [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 10 July [17]97

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Has received her letter of June 30; thanks Heaven for her improved health and warns her that "melancholy may inflict punishment" on her unborn child; mentions that Colonel [Robert] Gamble'swife would like to visit her; expects to sail by the beginning of next week at the latest and is upset at the delay; will finish his business and return as soon as possible; sends greetings to his children and mother-in-law; mentions the adjournment of Congress.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 4: J[ohn] Marshall, [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall, Richmond, Virginia], 11 July 1797

3 pages.Autograph Letter Signed.

Sends this letter by Mr. [Humphrey ?] Marshall; attended the play Romeo and Juliet last night, and compares Mrs. [Anne Bruton] Merry's"Juliet" to Richmond's Mrs. [Anne] West [Bignall's]; visited Mrs. [Susan] Heyward [sic] Hayward and gossips about her rumored upcoming marriage to [Henry] Baring; complains about delayed departure and wearies of dining out, as he begins "to require a frugal repast with good cool water"; wishes "that we were looking back on our separation instead of seeing it before us."

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 5: J[ohn] Marshall, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall, Richmond, Virginia], 12 July [17]97

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Asks her to give a parcel of land deeds from [John?] Banks to Hobe, which can be found in his pine desk in his office, to the clerk of the General Court; is impatient to get on board ship and away; wishes he had spent another week in Richmond; with tomorrow's departure of the Republican, [Richard] Brent, the last of the Virginia Congressmen will have left the city; "my spirits sink at parting with them."

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 6: J[ohn] Marshall, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 14 July [17]97

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Will board the Grace at New Castle on Sunday [July 18] and will hopefully arrive in Amsterdam by the end of August; should hear from him next in October; Mr. [John] Brown [his secretary] has just arrived on the last stage; received his son Tom's letter of July 6; dined yesterday at William Bingham's country seat on the Schuylkil; describes the table setting and Mrs. [Anne Willing] Bingham'sdressing in the latest fashions; besides his Virginia relations, he most enjoys the company of Mr. [Robert] Morris'family.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 7: J[ohn] Marshall, the bay of Delaware, to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 20 July [17]97

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Unfavorable winds have prevented them from reaching the open ocean; describes ship board accommodations, provisions, and companions, including John Brown, John G. Gamble, the Captain of the ship, Mr. Willis, and two Dutch gentleman; has sent a letter to Winchester, [Virginia] for his son, Tom; instructs her how to reach him [John Marshall] by letter.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 8: J[ohn] Marshall, to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 2 August 1797- 29 August 1797

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

1200 or 1300 miles east of the Capes of Delaware, Marshall and the crew hailed a ship bound for America; has not been very seasick and has busied himself with reading; has arrived in Holland and sends news of his health and safety on the first American bound ship.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Folder 5
Item 1: J[ohn] Marshall, Amsterdam, to [Timothy Pickering], 2 September 1797

4 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

The captain of a British frigate of Admiral Duncan's fleet at the mouth of the Texel boarded their ship on August 29 but treated them extremely politely upon learning that a U.S. minister was on board; observed the Dutch fleet in the Texel ready to move on the British if negotiations at Lisle [sic] [Lille] failed; describes the internal politics of the French government: the Directory presses for war while the Council of Five Hundred desires peace, fearing the politicization of the French army; Lord Malmesberry [sic] [Malmesbury; William Harris] is at Lisle [sic] [Lille] negotiating for peace between Britain and France; Tayleran Perigord [sic] [Charles Maurice de Talleyran Perigord], the French Minister of foreign affairs, has sent orders to French parts to grant immediate passports to the American envoys.

Original is located in the RG 59, National Archives, Washington, D.C.

Item 2: John Marshall, the Hague, to [Timothy Pickering], 9 September 1797

4 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Arrived at the Hague and met with General [Charles C.] Pinckneyon September 3; has just heard from an express from the Dutch minister at Paris to the Committee of Foreign Affairs about the Directory with the aid of the army moving against royalist and right wing opponents in the Directory, the Council of Five Hundred and the Council of Elders; discusses the impact which this coup d'etat of 18 Fructidor should have upon foreign policy; the French government is now in the hands of those unfriendly to peace, and the moderates willing to judge the American case with fairness have been removed; received news of Mr. [Elbridge] Gerry'sintended departure from Boston on July 23 and will await his arrival in Rotterdam for a week before they leave for Paris.

Original is located in the RG 59, National Archives, Washington, D.C.

Item 3: J[ohn] Marshall, the Hague, [Holland], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 9 September [17]97

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Reached the Hague on August 3 and is very much pleased with General [Charles C.] Pinckney; had intended to set out for Paris immediately, but Pinckney received news from [Elbridge] Gerryon August 5 that he will arrive at the end of August; is perplexed and mortified at the delay; describes the Hague and its social life; mentions lack of companions for Pinckney's wife and daughter; has enjoyed the theatre even though he does not understand the language, and applauds the performances of Madame [Louise Rosalie Lefebvre] de Gazon [sic] [DuGrazon]; the Directory's coup in Paris may abridge negotiations so as to occasion his return to America this fall, but he would resent such a circumstance even though he misses her immensely and is impatient to be with her again.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 4: J[ohn] Marshall, the Hague, to [Timothy Pickering], 15 to 17 September 1797

6 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

The reports on the revolution in Paris have been confirmed; discusses violations of the French constitution, under the hand of the army, the very essence of a republic is destroyed, but "French liberty may survive the shock it has sustained;" "All power is now in the undivided possession of those who have directed against us those hostile measures of which we so justly complain;" will set out for Paris on Monday with or without [Elbridge] Gerry; contrary to previous reports, negotiations still continue at Lille; their route to Paris is prescribed on their permit, probably to prevent their passing through Lisle [sic]; [Philippe Antoine] and Merlin [de Douai]is chosen director to replace Barthelemey and [Nicholas] Francois de Neufchatil [sic] [Neufchateau]to replace Carnot; Mr. Noel, the minister of France at the Hague has just informed him that 1,500 people have been arrested at Lyons and that General [Andre] Massenais marching to Avignon to quell resistance there.

Original is located in the RG 59, National Archives, Washington, D.C.

Item 5: Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, J[ohn] Marshall, E[lbridge] Gerry, Paris, [France], to [Timothy Pickering], Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], 27 November 1797

5 pages. Photostat of Letter Signed.

Includes a copy of the letter which the three submitted to the French minister of foreign affairs after waiting to be received for a month; they have yet to receive an answer to this November 11 letter, and the condemnation of American vessels continues; the following is written in a numeric cipher which is decoded in superscript: "Frequent and urgent attempts have been made to inveigle us again into negociation [sic] with persons not officially authorized, of which the obtaining of money is the basis...we have very little prospect of succeeding in our mission."

Original is located in the RG 59, National Archives, Washington, D.C.

Item 6: [John Marshall], Paris, to [Timothy Pickering, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania], 27 November 1797

7 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter.

Has enclosed an issue of the Conservative [sic] [ Conservateur(Paris)] as an example of the abuse of the U.S. by the French press; discusses the arrests of innocent American citizens in Paris, including the cases of [Jesse] Putnam, [James V.] Murray and his brother [George W. Murray]; discusses the situation of American merchant marines who, being forced ashore after their vessels were captured, have no choice but to become French privateers; "France resounds with the proposd [sic] invasion of England," but such talk may be designed merely to alarm Britain; discusses France's continental ambitions and Spain's situation; writes of the internal France political scene; encloses the November 7 issue of the Leyden gazette with news of [Emmanuel Louis Henri Alexandre de Launay, comte] D'Anteaiguesand [Joseph] Fauche [sic] [Fouche]and the reports of [Gillaume Alexandre] Troncon de [Du]Counarayand [Antoine-Claire] Thibidau [sic] [Thibaudeau]; gives his opinion of the future French treatment of the U.S.

Original is located in the RG 59, National Archives, Washington, D.C.

Item 7: [John Marshall], Paris, [France], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall, Richmond, Virginia], 27 November 1797

3 pages. Autograph Letter.

Has received no letters from her nor from his friends in the U.S.; will not be home until May and hopes that the Randolph's Executors case can be postponed until then; mentions amusements and dissipations of Paris; describes his new living arrangements [with Madame de Villette].

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Folder 5
Item 8: Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, J[ohn] Marshall, E[lbridge] Gerry, Paris, [France] to [Fulwar Stipwith, no place], 13 March [17]98

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Cannot settle or pay the accounts of American Consuls until the Congress of the United States acts on the matter; the three have agreed to transcend their powers to a limited extent in order to liberate distressed American seamen and return them to the U.S.

Including Typewritten copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page.

Original is privately owned.

Item 9: Th[omas] Jefferson, [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania], to General [John] Marshall, Oellers' hotel, [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania], 23 June [17]98

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Presents his compliments to Marshall; called at his lodgings twice this morning, but he [John Marshall] was not in; regrets that he will not be able to dine with him due to a previous engagement.

Original is located in the Collection of the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities, on deposit at Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Virginia.

Item 10: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to "Polly" [Mary Willis Ambler) Marshall], Frederick [County, Virginia], 18 August [17]98

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Arrived in Richmond a week ago but hasn't been able to attend to his business because of his many callers and because of the heat; he enjoys the company of his three year old daughter, Mary; discusses the health of his son, John, who is cutting teeth.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 11: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond,, [Virginia], to Elbridge Gerry, no place, 12 November [17]98

4 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses Gerry's letter of 20 October 1798 to President John Adams, in which he [Elbridge Gerry] makes several misstatements about his part in the XYZ Affair, which Marshall now refutes point by point; "I must hope sir that you will think justly on this subject & will thereby save us both the pain of an altercation..."

Folder 6
Item 1: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to George Washington, no place, 1 May [17]99

2 pages. Typewritten copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Apologizes for an article lately published listing the offices which he [George Washington] offered to him [John Marshall], with which he [John Marshall] had nothing to do; the writer of the article, who obtained no information directly or indirectly from him [John Marshall], "was unquestionably actuated by a wish to serve me and by resentment at the various malignant calumnies that have been so profusely bestowed on me."

Original in the Washington Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Item 2: G[eorge] Washington, Mount Vernon, [Fairfax County, Virginia], to General [John] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], 5 May 1799

1 page.Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Is pleased with his [John Marshall's] election to the [Congress] even though by a small majority; discusses the elections; asks him to inform him of the election results when all are known.

Original is privately owned.

Item 3: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to [George Washington, no place], 16 May 1799

2 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Will communicate the enclosures of his [George Washington's] last letter to Col. [Edward] Carringtonand Col. [William] Hethwhen they arrive in town; comments upon the elections and the unexpected defeat of Col. [George] Hancockand Major [?] Haywood; discusses the composition of the new state legislature; and upon France's declaration of war upon Austria and its consequences.

Original in the Washington Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Item 4: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to [George Washington, no place], 12 June [17]99

4 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses military appointments and recommends several officers, including Col. [John] Cropper, Genl. [George Rogers] Clark, Genl. [Thomas] Posey, Col. James Breckenbridge, Col. [Callohill] Minnis, Genl. [Robert] Porterfield of Augusta, Genl. [Joseph] Blackwell of Fauquier, and Col. [Joseph] Swearingean of Berkley; comments upon the death of Mr. [Patrick] Henry.

Original is located in the Washington Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Item 5: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to [George Washington, no place], 21 June [17]99

1 page. Typewritten copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Was unable to return the enclosed letter because he was out of town and his happy that he [George Washington] is not displeased that it was not transmitted to Col. [John] Cropper; has just received his [George Washington's] second letter to that gentleman and will forward it immediately.

Original is located in the Washington Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Item 6: Indenture signed by Thomas Lord Fairfax leasing lands in the Manor of Leeds in Fauquier County, Virginia to Jesse Norman, 1 November 1799[?]

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Document Signed.

Including Photostat of Autograph Document Signed, 2 pages. 5 August 1812. Indenture of Isaac Arnold and Elija Arnold assigning the title of the Manor of Leeds to James K. Marshall.

Original is located in the John Marshall House, Richmond, Virginia.

Item 7: J[ohn] Marshall, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to James M[arkham] Marshall, Winchester, Virginia, 16 December [17]99

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Encloses a blank power of attorney in order to transfer and draw dividends upon his Pennsylvania Bank Stock which Mr. [?] Pleasant has just remitted him [John Marshall]; discusses land sales and the Manor of Leeds; discusses political situation and how the next election will affect their affairs; comments upon domestic unrest in regards to foreign affairs: " I look forward with more apprehension than I have ever done to the future political events of our country;" has just been informed of the total English defeat in Holland.

Including Typewritten copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Original is located in Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri.

Item 8: J[ohn] Marshall, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to John Ambler, near Williamsburg, Virginia, 29 December [17]99

2 pages. Typewritten copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Congratulates him on his marriage; the newspapers report Philadelphia mourning the death of General Washington; hopes that moderation and toleration will succeed the violence of the last session of Congress; party strife exasperates Pennsylvania; the Governor has threatened to turn out of office every man who voted against him.

Location of original is unknown.

Box 2
Subseries C: Correspondence and Papers of John Marshall, 1800-1809
Box 2, Folders 1-3. 28 items.
Folder 1: Correspondence and Papers, 1800
12 items
Item 1: J[ohn] Marshall, Phila[delphia, Pennsylvania], to [James McDowall], no place, 19 February 1800

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Replies to a letter which proposed a change of the law for collecting the internal revenue of the U.S. in nonintercourse law with France; mentions that popular feeling is against it, as the public sees it responsible for present low price of tobacco.

Item 2: J[ohn] Marshall [Washington, D.C.] to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 8 August 1800

1 page. Autograph Letter Signed.

Has received her letter of August 5 and is pleased with her account of the children's behavior; approves of her sending the boys "upcountry;" Tom's [Thomas Marshall] last letter contained no news of her health.

Item 3: J[ohn] Marshall, [Washington, D.C.], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 20 August [1800]

1 page. Autograph Letter Signed.

Has just returned from a visit to Mt. Vernon where the widowed Mrs. Washington appeared "tolerably cheerful;" hopes Polly would "show more firmness" as a widow; pleased with his young son, Jacqueline's, last letter and hopes his schooling with Mr. Burns will continue.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page.

Item 4: Indenture conveying John and Jane Foster's land in Hampshire County, Virginia [West Virginia] to John and James Marshall for $666.66, 10 November 1800

3 pages. Photostat of Autograph Document Signed.

Original is located in the Collection of the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities, on deposit at the Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Virginia.

Item 5: J[ohn] Marshall, [Washington, D.C.], to [Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, South Carolina?], 20 November 1800

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses the results of the presidential election of 1800 in Maryland, New England, and Pennsylvania, stating that it is "an absolute certainty that any success in your state [South Carolina] elects him [Thomas Jefferson].

Original is located in the Pinckney Family Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Item 6: J[ohn] Marshall, [Washington, D.C.] to [?] [the commander of the 2nd Brig., Virginia militia], 25 November 1800

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Reproaches himself for forgetting to recommend Major [?] Richardson to him [the commander of the 2nd Brig., Virginia militia] and does so now, hoping his neglect has not been a negative reflection of Richardson's abilities.

Item 7: J[ohn] Marshall, Department of State, [Washington, D.C.], to John Jay, Albany, New York, 28 November 1800

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

In compliance with his [John Jay] letter, the President [John Adams] has directed a requisition to be made to the Governor of Lower Canada for the delivery of Thomas Jamieson, alias Charles Splendor, a.k.a. Charles Johnston to the authorized person; the requisition and related documents are enclosed.

Item 8: Secretary of State, J[ohn] Marshall, grants to Francis Didier Petit de Villers, agent for the ship Parlementaire Benjamin Franklin, a passport, 29 November 1800

1 page. Photostat of Document Signed.

Original is located in the Hampton L. Carson Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Item 9: J[ohn] Marshall, Department of State, [Washington, D.C.], to Rufus King, Lonoon, 4 December 1800

4 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses the difficulties involved in the present negotiations between King and the British commissioners; the President [John Adams] informs him that an informal agreement will be satisfactory as it will be impossible to induce the British cabinet to abandon their principles; matters are left to his good judgment; the stipulation of a sum is better than the present unsettled situation.

Original is located in the William M. Elkins Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Item 10: Tobias Lear, Walnut Tree Farm, [Virginia?], to General [John] Marshall, [Washington, D.C.], 12 December 1800

7 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

His financial embarrassments have prevented him from devoting time to writing the history or General Washington's life; sends him [John Marshall] a trunk containing Washington's books and papers, and an enclosed list thereof; wishes he weren't so ignorant of bankruptcy proceedings.

Item 11: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to [Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, South Carolina ?], 18 December 1800

3 pages. Photostat or Autograph Letter Signed.

Presidential candidates, [Thomas] Jefferson and [Aaron] Burr, have an equal number or votes, and thus the House or Representatives must decide the issue; Marshall aces not care which way the election goes, but "witnesses the anxiety of parties;" suspects the contest will be decided by South Carolina; even it Jefferson wins, Burr probably "will not surrender...all his pretensions to the office;" is chagrined by the late Federalist defeat and blames unfaithful men like Mr. [Marston?] or Rhode Island who threw away their votes, as attributed in the letters to General [Alexander] Hamilton'spamphlet; the treaty with France is before the Senate; Chief Justice [Oliver] Ellsworthhas resigned and Mr. [John] Jayhas been nominated in his place; looks forward to returning to Richmond in March and leaving behind forever his political career.

Original is located in the Pinkney Family Papers, Library of Congress, Washington D.C.

Item 12: J[ohn] Marshall, Department of State, [Washington, D.C.], to Henry Vanderburgh, no place, 29 December 1800

1 page. Photostat or Document Signed.

An expression of the sentiments or respect which accompanied Vanderburgh's presidential commission to become a judge of Indiana Territory.

Original is located in the Free Library of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Folder 2
Item 1: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to Rufus King, London, 26 February 1801

3 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses the probable policies of the new [Jefferson] administration; they will strengthen the state governments at the expense of the Federal, transferring as many powers to the House of Representatives as possible; the cabinet will probably consist of [James] Madisonas Secretary of State, [Henry] Dearbourne[sic] as Secretary of War, [Albert] Gellatinor [Abraham] Baldwinas Secretary of the Treasury, maybe General [Robert] Smith as Secretary of the Navy, and [Levi] Lincolnor Mr. Livingstone [Robert R. Livingston] as Attorney General; many of Jefferson's party are disposed to press on to war, but the government will probably excite as much hate and resentment as possible amongst the people against England without proceeding to actual hostilities; the ill conduct of the British cruisers and Vice Admiralty and the remonstrances of American merchants well serves this purpose; delay the completion of your mission until you hear from the new administration as the present agreement with the British would not be ratified.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Original is located in the Free Library of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Item 2: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to Thomas Jefferson, [Washington, D.C.], 2 March 1801

2 pages.Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Accepts his [Thomas Jefferson's] offer to administer the Presidential oath of office to him.

Original is located in the Jefferson Papers, Library of Congress, Washington D.C.

Item 3: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to [?], [Jefferson County, Kentucky], 31 March 1801

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Being sued by Virginia on a bond of security which he signed for Daniel Brodhead several years ago, Marshall has learned that the recipient of this letter was acquainted with the advertisements which Brodhead was required to post; he sends him a commission, therefore, and asks for his and Colonel Anderson's depositions concerning Brodhead and his business.

Item 4: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, South Carolina, 21 November 1802

3 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Is composing a history of General Washington's life and requests information about the war in the Southern states, because General [?] Lincoln's letters to Washington in his [John Marshall's] possession do not tell much about the combined Franco-American operations at Savannah in 1779; send any important particulars respecting the siege of Charleston; is disgusted with the political world and hopes to see him [Charles Cotesworth Pinckney] in Richmond soon; asks about the political climate of South Carolina and thinks federalism may prevail in three districts in Virginia's state elections.

Item 5: J[ohn] Marshall, Rawleigh [sic] [Raleigh, North Carolina], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 2 January 1803

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses the mild but rainy weather and mentions various calamities which have befallen him: "15 silver dollars" of his "had worn through" his pocket "and sought their liberty in the sands of Carolina;" and when his man Peter unpacked his clothes, he discovered that he had not packed any of Marshall's breeches; "I thought I shou'd be sans culotte only one day," but all the town's were too busy to work for him; "I have the extreme mortification to pass the whole term without that important article of dress..." Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 3 pages.

Item 6: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to John M. Mason, [no place], 4 November 1804

1 page.Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Thanks him for an oration which he sent on the death of Alexander Hamilton; hopes that Hamilton's death will cast some odium upon dueling; was not aware that he had played a part in producing the commercial meet in Baltimore; did not know he resigned the emoluments of his military service.

Original printed in Dann, Mason Memoirs.

Item 7: John Eager Howard, Baltimore, [Maryland], to John Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], 14 November 1804

1 page. Autograph Letter Signed.

Has received his [John Marshall's] November 2 letter requesting information for his [John Marshall's] history of General Washington's life, and will send his recollections of many transactions as soon as he can put them to paper; he [John Marshall] should also contact Colonel [Bushrod] Washington; will send the book Campaigns of 1780 and 1781, supposedly written with [?] Tarleton's assistance, which contains more official documents than any other work and correct plans of some of the actions, if it will be of any use.

Item 8: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Fauquier Court House, [Virginia], 27 September 1805

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Arrived at her mother's yesterday, and found her not as well as he had hoped; her sisters are well; forgot to pay his brother Charles five dollars for his [John Marshall] son John's schooling; things are badly conducted at his [John Marshall's] plantation.

Original is located in the John Marshall House, Virginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia.

Item 9: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to James M. Marshall, near Front Royal, Frederick County, Virginia, 13 February 1806

3 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses the problems of the Fairfax lands and the people of Winchester; will endeavor to raise a considerable part of the money required for payment.

Including Typewritten Copy of ALS. 2 pages.

Original is located in the Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri.

Item 10: J[ohn] Marshall, Happy Creek, [Virginia], to John Ambler, Williamsburg, Virginia, 5 April 1806

3 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Asks for the money which he [John Ambler] owes him for payment for land; needs it to make his [John Marshall's] payment to Mr. [?] Fairfax, which fact he [John Ambler] knew; his [John Marshall's] brother William will take the contract off his [John Ambler's] hands if desired.

Original is located in the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Item 11: J[ohn] Adams, Quincy, [Massachusetts], to John Marshall, [Washington, D.C.?], 17 July 1806

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Takes no offense at his [John Marshall] printing of his [John Adams] letters to Gen[era]l Washington in his [John Marshall's] biography of Washington; in detailing the events of the last years of Washington's life, he [John Marshall] "will run the gauntlet between two influential factions, armed with scorpions...;" but such an investigation must be made; comments upon his [John Adams] appointing Gen[era]l Washington to head of the army.

Original is privately owned.

Item 12: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to James M[arkham] Marshall, Happy Creek, near Front Royal, Frederick [County, Virginia], 2 May 1808

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Has received his [James Markham Marshall's] letter enclosing Col. Thurston's deed; did not hear about his [James Markham Marshall's] suit with Stevens; Fitzhugh's note is in [?] Williams' hand but has yet to get process executed on him as he stays at different places in Maryland and can't be easily found; discusses arrangements made for their nephew Tom, with their brother William.

Original is located in the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Folder 3
Item 1: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to James M[arkham] Marshall, Happy Creek, near Front Royal, Frederick [County, Virginia], 2 May 1808

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Has received his [James Markham Marshall's] letter enclosing Col. Thurston's deed; did not hear about his [James Markham Marshall's] suit with Stevens; Fitzhugh's note is in [?] Williams' hand but has yet to get process executed on him as he stays at different places in Maryland and can't be easily found; discusses arrangements made for their nephew Tom, with their brother William.

Original is located in the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Item 2: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, no place, 21 September 1808

3 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses politics and report of Mr. [?] Chesnut that the Democratic Party in South Carolina would unquestionably support him [Charles Cotesworth Pinckney]; the late convention at New York confided that "unless this point can be gained...we [the Federalists] shall again miscarry;" no times have been more perilous than the present because of the internal changes wrought "by a party always hostile to our constitution" and because of even greater external threats; if the present foreign policy with France is continued, the United States "will soon become an empty name" and will no longer be independent; has spent his time on agricultural pursuits instead of professional duty, and scarcely ever reads a newspaper, but the nation's troubles are too serious for him to continue to do so; the Virginia Federalists may win three or four seats in the next Congress, but there is no hope for the presidential election.

Original is located in the Pinckney Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Item 3: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to "the cashier of the bank of the United States," Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], 28 September 1808

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Requests him to pay James Brown one thousand dollars when his [John Marshall's] quarterly salary accrues on October 1.

Original is located in the Free Library of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Item 4: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, South Carolina, 19 October 1808

3 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Richmond Federalists have mutinied, and have recommended to their brethren throughout Virginia to support the Monroe ticket; was out of town but attempts to explain the reasons for such action.

Original is located in the Pinckney Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Item 5: [John Marshall, Richmond, Virginia, to John Eliot, no place], 20 September 1809

1 page.Typewritten Copy of Autographed Letter.

Is honored to be chosen as a corresponding member of the Massachusetts Historical Society; as he will not return to Washington, [D.C.] until February, perhaps some member of Congress might find room in his baggage for the volume he [John Eliot] mentioned.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Subseries D: Correspondence and Papers of John Marshall, 1810-1819
37 items
Folder 3
Item 6: [John Marshall], no place, to John Eliot, Richmond, [Virginia], 23 April 1810

1 page. Typewritten Copy of Autographed Letter.

Asks him to send the collections of the Society.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 7: Bushrod Washington, Mount Vernon, [Fairfax County, Virginia,] to Chief Justice [John] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], 2 May 1810

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses arrangements being made with Mr. [?] Willing and [?] Francis to take his [John Marshall] two sons, [John and James Keith Marshall], into their counting house when they reach the age of 16; outlines their recommended course of study before then; Mr. [?] Waln[?] will receive his [John Marshall] other son, [Edward Carrington Marshall], into his mercantile establishment, if the precarious state of the country: commerce permits it, when he comes of age; asks if he should send his [John Marshall] half-pipe of wine to Richmond by way of Norfolk.

Including Photograph. 1 page. Incomplete.

Item 8: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia] to Charles Lee, Alexandria, [Virginia], 7 May 1810

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Acknowledges letters of Apr. 22, 29, and 30. Outlines patents to Virginia land. Philip Pendleton, Anderson, and Hunter involved in caveat; advises against use of treasury warrant for 1,180 acres. Colston. Decision in Hunter and Fairfax case, decided in favor of Hunter. Asks Lee's opinion as to appeal to Supreme Court; John Marshall favors appeal; sending record; Jones to be engaged as attorney to help Lee. Cause precedent for pending caveats if Supreme Court "against us," save expense; if "in our favor," probably respected or ascertain points for ultimate determination "in our favor."

Item 9: Timothy] Pickering, Senate Chamber, [Washington, D.C.] to John Marshall, Richmond, Virginia, 25 February 1811

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Is gratified by the compliments he [John Marshall] paid to him in his last letter, and hopes to continue his service to the country; has not learned if [?] Serruier is charged with any special orders to the government; [?] Turreau has for some time desired to return to France; asks him [John Marshall] for a proper statement of an anecdote concerning Temple Franklin and Benjamin Franklin Bache's unsuccessful attempts to establish a newspaper, which he [John Marshall] related to him last year.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Folder 4
Item 1: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to James Monroe, no place, 25 June 1812

1 page. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Upon his return from the "laborious relaxation" of his farm, he found the President's [Madison] message, the report of the committee of foreign relations, and the declaration of war against Great Britain.

Original is located in the Monroe Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Item 2: J[ames] Madison, [Washington, D.C.], to John Marshall, [Washington, D.C.], 12 October [1812?]

1 page. Autograph Letter.

Accepts his invitation to dine with him.

Item 3: [James] Monroe, [Washington, D.C.], to John Marshall, [Washington, D.C.], [12 October 1812?]

1 page. Autograph Letter.

Accepts his invitation to dine with him on Wednesday.

Item 4: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Lyttleton [Littleon] Wailer Tazewell, Norfolk, [Virginia], 18 January 1813

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Cannot direct the special court he [Littleon Wailer Tazewell] requested because the law authorizing a circuit judge to perform the duties of a district judge is limited only to the case of the disability of an existing district judge, and does not extend to the case of a vacancy of that office; has notified the Secretary of State of the public hardships if an appointment is postponed.

Item 5: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia] to [John B. Colvin, no place], 7 May 1813

2 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Received a copy of his book, Historical Letters, and asks Mr. [?] Pleasant to sign him up as a subscriber; comments favorably upon the work, a comparative history of the nations of the world.

Location of original is unknown.

Item 6: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Bushrod Washington, Mount Vernon, [Fairfax County, Virginia], 25 May 1813

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Received his cheek for $500 and letter upon his [John Marshall] return from North Carolina; will receive four sets of The Life of Washington from Mr. [Mason Locke] Weems; discusses a case of Admiralty business which he had just heard in circuit court and asks for his [Bushrod Washington] opinion; is anxious to terminate next court's business so he can devote himself to the farm.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 7: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Judge [Bushrod] Washington, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], 19 April 1814

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses whether the power to pass bankruptcy laws resides in the states or in the federal government; discusses part of Constitution which inhibits passage of "law impairing the obligation of contracts" and how it relates to bankruptcy laws; says he [Bushrod Washington] heard the argument and his opinion could be relied upon better than his.

Item 8: Frederick County [Virginia] Court release proved to John Marshall and James M. Marshall sworn to by Charles Magill, Henry Daingerfield, Thomas McKewan, and Leroy Daingerfield, 2 August 1814

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Document.

Original is located in the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Item 9: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia] to Bushrod Washington, "Mount Vernon," [Virginia], 29 December [1814]

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Asks what provision is made for them at their session; will he make accommodations for them; asks "Are we to have peace; or is the war to be continued till we are dismembered?"

Item 10: Notice written by Marshall while in Washington D.C. advertising for the return of a strayed or stolen bay saddle horse and offering a liberal reward for it, 10 March 1815

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Document Signed.

Location of original is unknown.

Item 11: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Bushrod Washington, "Mount Vernon," [Virginia], 16 March 1815

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Asks him [Bushrod Washington] to ask the counting house of Messrs. Willing & Francis if they are still willing to take his [John Marshall] fifteen year old son James (now a student at Cambridge) into their firm.

Item 12: J[ohn] Marshall, no place, to Bushrod Washington, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], [April 1815]

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Has made inquiries in response to his letter; land for which taxes are unpaid before August will be sold; payment can be made to the Sheriff of the county; discusses George Washington letters and how he thinks they should be published; asks him to settle a newspaper account for him.

Item 13: J[ohn] Marshall, Happy Creek, [Virginia], to John Ambler, Richmond, Virginia, 23 October 1815

3 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Encloses a copy of a letter from Robert Colston in which he [Robert Colston] complains of his [John Ambler's] withholding payment and threatens him John Ambler] with a lawsuit; suggests that he [John Ambler] give Mr. Colston an order on Mr. [?] Smith for the amount in question with as little delay as possible.

Original is located in the Hampton L. Carson Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Item 14: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Bushrod Washington, "Mount Vernon," [Virginia], 10 September 1816
Discusses civil admiralty jurisdiction about which he had formed an opinion from the characters in a case of piracy not from precedent; wishes him to discuss revision of "The Life" [of George Washington] with Mr. Wayne while he is in Philadelphia; explains his ideas for the organization of the work; says it must be prepared at leisure and not offered until there is a demand for it.
Item 15: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to "My dear Nephew," [Martin Marshall ?, Winchester, Virginia ?], 10 September 1816

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed (original, Breckenridge-Marshall Papers).

Encloses a memorandum from the Auditors' office concerning William Marshall's lands in Nason and Franklin counties, [Kentucky], and a letter which he wishes delivered to his sister [Jane (Marshall) Taylor]; she desired him to engage a house for her at Fauquier Court House.

Encloses a memorandum from the Filson club. 2 pages. Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Item 16: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to [Governeur Morris], no place, 3 October 1816

2 pages. Draft of Autograph Letter Signed.

After reading the recipient's address to the New York Historical Society, he sends him his thoughts on the study of history.

Folder 5
Item 1: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 14 February 1817

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses the Washington social life; is impressed with the French minister and his wife [?]; [William] Wirt arrived yesterday but he brought no letters; warns her to take enough blankets to arm herself against the intense cold when she goes to Chiccahoniiny [sic] on February 21.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 2: Ja[me]s Monroe, Washington [D.C.], to John Marshall, [Washington D.C.], 1 March 1817

1 page. Autograph Letter Signed.

Asks Marshall to administer the Presidential oath to him.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page. Also including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page.

Item 3: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to [James Monroe, Washington, D.C.], 1 March 1817

1 page. Photograph of Autograph Letter Signed.

Agrees to administer the Presidential oath of office to James Monroe.

Including Photograph negative of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page.

Original is located in the RG 59, National Archives, Washington, D.C.

Item 4: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall, Richmond, Virginia], 16 February 1818

1 page.

Has read in Jaquelin [Marshall]'slast letter news of her ill health, and advises her not to expose herself to the cold in her fears of being too warm; he is in good health and is busily employed. 1 page. ALS. Including ALS on verso from John Marshall, to his son [John?], discussing farm matters, and asking him to receive the overseer's letter concerning such things as preparing the soil with plaster of paris grubbing, cutting, and burning; does not want him to send packages by post, but by private conveyance if available; sends him a note for $60 to pay Mr.[?] Cocke for 20 barrels of corn; asks about James [Keith Marshall]and hopes he has engaged in a course of reading.

Also Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. l page. Also Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 5: Mark L. DesCaves, Baltimore, [Maryland], to John Marshall, Richmond, Virginia, [ante 31 March 1818]

1 page. Autograph Letter Signed.

Encloses a letter from General [Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de] Lafayette, which he has been unable to deliver in person, as the General had instructed; saw Juge [sic] [Bushrod] Washington several months earlier, and was informed by him that Mr. [?] Graham returned to Lafayette the General's papers, which Marshall had borrowed.

Including Autograph Letter Signed, 22 April 1817, from [Marquis de] Lafayette, La grange, [France], to John Marshall, United States, Virginia. Introducing his friend M. des Caves; praises Marshall's biography of Washington and says that most of his correspondence with Washington was lost during the French Revolution; mentions the copies of Washington's letters to him, which he desires to be returned to him by Bushrod Washington; recommends M. desCaves to him [John Marshall].

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 6: William] Wirt, [Washington, D.C.], to [John] Marshall, [Washington, D.C.], [March 1818?]

1 page. Autograph Letter Signed.

Is unable to accept his invitation to dine with him because of his health.

Item 7: Willia]m Wirt, [Washington, D.C.], to John Marshall, [Washington, D.C.], [March 1818?]

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Requests that his case before the [Supreme] Court be given a day's respite as the extremes of weather have incapacitated him.

Subseries D1: Correspondence and Papers, 1819
10 items.
Folder 5
Item 8: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to Gulian C. Verplanck, [New York?],, 27 February 1819

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Has received and finally read the address which he presented to the New York Historical Society; was much pleased with its clarity and lucid arrangement, and feels the public would like to see more from his pen.

Original is located in the Hampton L. Carson Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Item 9: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Joseph Story, [Salem, Massachusetts], 24 March 1819

2 pages.Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Asks for information about nail making machines in Boston, for a friend of his who might like to purchase one; the opinion in the Banks case "has roused the sleeping spirit of Virginia" and will be attacked in the papers.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 10: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Bushrod Washington, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], 27 March [1819]

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed. Signature mutilated.

Asks him to purchase books for his [John Marshall] nephew, [?] Taylor who is at school in Kentucky; makes arrangements to pay the bookseller and [?] Deiplaine, and to have him send the volumes, including " Terence [sic] & Livy in Latin, Longinus, Thucydides, & Demosthenes in Greek, also Xenophens retreat of the 10,000" to his [John Marshall] brother, Doctor [Louis] Marshall, in Kentucky; discusses dissatisfaction of Virginian politicians with the Supreme Court's opinion on the Bank question; "we shall be denounced bitterly in the papers... and we shall undoubtedly be condemned as a pack of consolidating aristocratics;" mentions unexpected and long unheard of financial distress of Richmond merchants.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page. Also including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 11: [John Marshall, Richmond, Virginia], to Jaquelin B. Harvie, no place, [March - April 1819]

3 pages. Autograph Letter.

Extracted from a letter of Joseph Story's to John Marshall describing a $1000 nail-making machine invented by Mr. [?] Perkins, and used extensively in the Amesbury Factory near Salem, Massachusetts; also describes two different, less expensive models patented by Mr. [?] Reed [?], and discusses arrangements for their sale and delivery.

Item 12: J[ohn] M[arshall], Richmond, [Virginia,] to Bushrod Washington, Alexandria, [Virginia], 28 April 1819

1 page. Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses an error in his published manuscript [of a court decision?] which he [John Marshall] wishes Mr. [ ] Bronson to correct.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page. Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page.

Folder 6
Item 1: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Joseph Story, [Salem, Massachusetts], 27 May 1819

3 pages.Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses the gross misrepresentations the Democratic-Republicans have attributed to the Court's opinion in the Bank case in order to excite ferment in the masses; asks his advice on a case in Admiralty Court, that the Little Charles, libeled for violating the 1808 Embargo Act.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 2: [John Marshall, Richmond, Virginia, to Bushrod Washington, Mount Vernon, Fairfax County, Virginia], [28 June 1819]

1 page. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter.

If the publication of his [John Marshall] work has not yet commenced, he would rather have the signature changed to "A Constitutionalist"; the letters of Amphyction and of Hampden have had more influence in the country than in Richmond; hopes some respectable legislators will refute them.

Original is located in the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Item 3: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Joseph Story, Salem, Massachusetts, 13 July 1819

3 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Questions him [Joseph Story] about an admiralty case concerning the hypothecation of a vessel belonging to the port of Richmond; discusses legal principles of hypothecation in general in the United States; does not think that a piece in the Boston papers should be republished, Mr. [?] Wheaton's appendix; leaves the opinion in the militia case for him [Joseph Story] to write.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 4: Joseph Story, Salem, [Massachusetts], to John Marshall, Richmond, Virginia, 26 July 1819

6 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses the legal principles of hypothecation and maritime law as he [Joseph Story] sees them in regards to a case in New York, and concludes that the chief-question is "whether the ports of the different states are to be deemed foreign ports in respect to the rights of the hypothecation or of implied lien"; in his [Joseph Story] district, as well as in South Carolina, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and New York, they are; he [Joseph Story] "is open to argument and will follow in a better path. And as the advancement of the law, and not merely of our private opinions should be the great ambition of all judges, I am quite content to yield to the judgement of others."

Item 5: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia],to Bushrod Washington, no place, 31 October 1819

2 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Mentions a trial at Richmond for piracy and discusses the lack of international law regarding the same; writes of his subscription to Mr. Bronson's Gazette of the United Stateswhich has become the Union.

Original is located in the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Subseries E: Correspondence and Papers of John Marshall, 1820-1829
87 items.
Folder 6
Item 6: J[ohn] R[andolph]of R[oanoke, Washington, D.C.], to John Marshall, [Washington, D.C.],, 6 March [1820?]

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses constitutional issues involving piracy, the slave trade, and the Supreme Court; mentions [Littleton Waller] Tazewell.

Item 7: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Bushrod Washington, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], 13 April 1820

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Has not formed an opinion of the case which was remanded to the circuit court of Pennsylvania; congratulates him on the prospect of a full docket in [New] Jerseyand upon his empty one in North Carolina; he called on Mr. Blair, the President of the Bible Society, who says he [Bushrod Washington] was a permanent member of the society and in arrears for the years 1816-1819; was frozen on the Rosaline, has scarcely thawed out.

Item 8: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to [Bushrod] Washington, "Mount Vernon," [Fairfax County, Virginia], 26 June 1820

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Hopes none of the papers of George Washington have miscarried; sent the last ones to him [Bushrod Washington] by a coal vessel of Alexandria; has employed a person to copy the pre-Revolutionary letters of General Washington, and he [John Marshall] will himself copy the military letters in his possession after he [Bushrod Washington] informs him in which volume they will be published; he [John Marshall] will also proceed to copy the letters written between the close of the war and the adoption of the constitution, and has retained no others.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page. Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 9: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Bushrod Washington, Mount Vernon, Fairfax County, [Virginia], 2 September 1820

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Encloses an affidavit stating that he [John Marshall] lost the certification meant for T[homas?] Marshall and asks him [Bushrod Washington] to send from Philadelphia a bond to be executed; has received from Mr. Ward of Salem a copy of a letter written by Mr. W[illia]m Fairfaxto Capt. Clarke of Salem dated Belvoir 22d. February 1749, which states that "Major Washington [has] just returned from London whither he lately went to get his arrears of pay & be put on the establishment of half pay..." concludes that this cannot be George Washington; poses questions about George Washington's genealogy; asks him [Bushrod Washington] to talk with the editor of Langhornes' Plutarch while in Philadelphia about an anecdote concerning George Washington selling his old charger.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page. Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 10: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to James K[eith] Marshall, "Moreland," near Oak Hill, Fauquier [County, Virginia], 25 September 1820

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses Mr. Moorehead's purchase of Mr. Johnson's land in Fauquier County; wheat and other crops are doing well.

Original is located in the John Marshall House, Richmond, Virginia.

Item 11: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia] to Mr. Justice [Bushrod] Washington, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], 7 November 1820

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Describes being thrown by a horse; will bring the letters they agreed to copy to Washington; wishes him to speak again with Mr. Wayne about a second edition of the life of [George] Washington; recommends that Mr. [Mason Locke] Weemshave a subscription paper for the letters and life at the same time; thinks they should reduce the charges on the life to half a dollar per volume, then the second volume might be sold for two dollars a volume.

Box 3
Subseries E: Correspondence and Papers of John Marshall, 1820-1829
Folder 1
Item 1: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington [D.C.] to Mr. Justice [Bushrod] Washington, no place, 8 February 1821

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Hopes his [Bushrod Washington] health will improve so he can come visit at the end of the month so they can deliver opinions on various cases including the one from Virginia "which has exerted so much commotion in our legislature" [a case involving an act of Congress allowing a lottery in Washington, D.C. with ticket sales in Virginia contrary to Virginia law. See JK/159l/V5/Rare Book (Virginia)/].

Item 2: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 26 February 1821, 26 March 1821

2 pages.

A letter of James [Keith Marshall]'s informed him [John Marshall] of her return from Chicahominy; hopes that the celebrations of the 22nd did not disturb her too much; Judge [Bushrod] Washingtonis not well; he [John Marshall] is very busy at Court; dines out frequently and eats too much; does not attend the continual gay parties in Washington. 2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed. Including Autograph Letter Signed on verso from John Marshall to his son [James Keith Marshall], asking about the health of Jacob, one of the slaves; tells him to purchase as much clover seed as he can if he does not get the money from [?] Smith.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 3: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Mr. Justice [Bushrod] Washington, "Mount Vernon" near Alexandria, [Virginia], 15 June 1821

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Hopes his health was not injured by his traveling to Philadelphia to perform his circuit duties; mentions case in his circuit involving merchants indebted to the U.S. on duty bonds; recommends the writings of Algernon Sidney.

Item 4: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Joseph Story, Salem, Massachusetts, 15 June 1821

2 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Asks his opinion of legalities of a case concerning insolvency and priority of payment to creditors; the Supreme Court opinion in the Lottery case virulently assaulted in the newspapers, especially by Algernon Sidney in the Enquirer who is "supposed to be the champion of the state rights.. .[but] really is the champion of dismemberment;" is anxious to hear if his [Joseph Story] and [Daniel] Webster'samendment to the Massachusetts constitution was approved by the people or not.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 5: Joseph Story, Salem, [Massachusetts], to John Marshall, Richmond, Virginia, 27 June 1821

5 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses legal principles of partnership, joint property and the priority of the payment of debts under English and American bankruptcy laws; writes of the federal government; reports on the Massachusetts Constitutional Convention; will send on the next vessel for Richmond some Salem fish and a recipe on how to cook them.

Item 6: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Bushrod Washington, Alexandria, [Virginia], 13 July 1821

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Thanks him for his opinion on the case on which he [John Marshall] consulted him; has enclosed the letter from Mr. [James] Madisonto Genl. Washington which he [John Marshall] had selected last winter but forgot to send; discusses the legal matter of inland and foreign bills and hypothecation relating to the New York case.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page. Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 7: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Joseph Story, Salem, Massachusetts, 13 July 1821

3 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Is grateful for his expressions of esteem; hopes the harmony of the bench will never be disturbed; discusses [Thomas] Jefferson's and [James] Madison's doubts of the Supreme Court as the ultimate arbiter of the constitutional questions; comments upon Jefferson's character and influence over the people; encloses Algernon Sidney's essays with their weak argument and violent language; in the Virginian newspapers "not a pen is drawn in support of the sound principles of the constitution of the Union... I look elsewhere for safety."

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 8: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Joseph Story, Salem, Massachusetts, 18 September 1821

4 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Has received the fish and will cook it according to instructions; discusses Mr. [?] Hall and his intended publication of Algernon Sidney's essays and asks if he [Joseph Story] can prevent it; Mr. [?] Caedwell has not yet sent the volume of the debates of the Massachusetts Constitutional Convention; discusses the designs of the Democratic-Republicans in attacking the Supreme Court; questions him about a case involving William McKinly, a tax collector, and his depositions.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 9: [John] Wickham, [Washington, D.C.], to [John] Marshall, [Washington, D.C.], 25 November [1821?]

1 page. Autograph Letter.

Asks him to join him at dinner on Tuesday at 4 o'clock.

Item 10: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Lyttleton [Littleton] Waller Tazewell, Norfolk, [Virginia], 19 May 1822

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Makes arrangements for his [Littleton Waller Tazewell's] deposition to be taken on 23 May; if General [Robert Barraud] Taylorand Mr. [?] Blair are out of town, send for magistrates and have the necessary steps taken.

Item 11: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to President James Monroe, [Washington, D.C.], 13 June 1822

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Has received the President's message to Congress concerning internal improvements, "a question which very much divides the opinions of intelligent men;" "a general power over internal improvements, if to be exercised by the Union, would certainly be cumbersome to the government, & of no utility to the people. But to the extent you recommend, it would be productive of no mischief, and of great good;" he [John Marshall] despairs that such a measure will be adopted.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page.

Original is located in the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Item 12: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to James [Markham] Marshall, Happy Creek, near Front Royal, Frederick County, 9 July 1822

2 pages. Photograph of Autograph Letter Signed.

Has found in the Journal of the House of Delegates that the bill for confiscating Lord Fairfax's estate passed in January 1786, but was defeated in the Senate; discusses the role of the Supreme Court in deciding cases relating to treaties; will not be at Happy Creek before 6 August; will also visit Cumberland, Mr. Colston's and maybe Bath.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Folder 2
Item 1: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.] to Benjamin Watkyns [sic] Leigh, Richmond, [Virginia], 2 February 1823

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Grants power of attorney to him [Benjamin Watkyns [sic] Leigh] to make or endorse any notes given by Edward Colston, James Marshall or James M[arkham] Marshallfor the purpose of paying a debt to the Bank of the United States due from Nimrod Farrow or from the estate of Turner [?] Dixon.

Original is located in the Hampton L. Carson Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Item 2: [John Marshall], Washington, [D.C.], to Jaquelin B. Harrie, Richmond, Virginia, 8[?] March 1823

1 page. Autograph Letter Signed. Incomplete. Signature removed.

Asked Mr. [?] Williams about the information he [Jaquelin B. Harrie] desired; he [Williams] wrote that he gave his letter to the delegate from Florida, who has yet to answer it.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page.

Item 3: J[ohn] Marshall, Warrenton, [Fauquier County, Virginia], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, [Virginia], 11 April 1823

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses his trip from Richmond and the rainy weather; did not find Mr. [?] Skinker at home, so arrived last night at his friend's General [?] Blackwell's, who is almost blind; Tom [Thomas Marshall] was there earlier electioneering; the election will be closer than he [John Marshall] had originally thought.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page. Also including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 4: Joseph Story, Salem, [Massachusetts], to John Marshall, Richmond, Virginia, 22 June 1823

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Met his son, Edward C[arrington] Marshall; introduced him to several gentlemen in Boston, and recommended him to the President of Harvard College; made arrangements for him [Edward Carrington Marshall] to live in Cambridge and to be tutored until rooms at the College are assigned after commencement; discusses his [Edward Carrington Marshall] expenses; takes great pleasure in aiding him in all measures; discusses his [John Marshall] latest decision on the Cashier of the Branch Bank of the United States; is anxious about the appointment of [Supreme Court] Judge [Henry B.] Livingston'ssuccessor.

Item 5: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Joseph Story, Salem, Massachusetts, 2 July 1823

4 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Thanks him for his friendly attentions to his [John Marshall's] son, [Edward Carrington Marshall]; gives his opinion of the case of the Bank of the United States v. Dandridge; alarmed at the rumored successor of their "much lamented friend" [Supreme Court Justice Henry B. Livingston].

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 6: John Lowell, Roxbury, [Massachusetts], to John Marshall, Richmond, Virginia, 25 October 1823

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses libels against his father, John Lowell, and against himself; encloses letters to editors printed in local papers in defense.

Including Newspaper Clippings. 6 pages.

Item 7: [John Marshall], Richmond, [Virginia], to [John Lowell, Roxbury, Massachusetts], 6 November 1823

3 pages. Draft of Autograph Letter.

Received his letters of 25 and 28 October and was astonished to learn that he feels he [John Marshall] deliberately and unnecessarily "altered expressions which would be construed into the imputation of a crime..., against a gentleman..."; there was no evidence in the cases decision that his [John Lowell] testimony was disregarded or discredited-- "the opinion speaks for itself."

Item 8: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Joseph Story, Salem, Massachusetts, 9 December 1823

3 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Brother [Bushrod] Washington had to adjourn the court at Philadelphia because of his illness; discusses a case on his [John Marshall's] circuit concerning the American ship, Pilot, captured by pirates and later recaptured by a squadron under Commodore [David] Porter; comments upon the extreme bitterness of Mr. [John] Adams, whom he still respects, and the publication of some of his correspondence.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 9: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to James Monroe, [Washington, D.C.], 9 December 1823

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Received the President's message to Congress, and thanks him for his mark of polite attention; he [John Marshall] too thinks that "we cannot look on the present state of the world with indifference."

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page.

Original is located in the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Folder 3
Item 1: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to John Randolph, Washington, [D.C.], 17 January 1824

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Thanks him for the report of the Secretary of the Treasury.

Original is located in the University of Virginia on deposit at John Marshall House, Richmond, Virginia.

Item 2: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 23 February 1824

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Was uneasy that she heard of his accident before his letter reached her; his fall has kept him from court longer than he had expected; feels pain only when he moves; doctors say he is mending faster than they had expected; is treated with a great deal of kindness and attention; wives of the cabinet members call on him; passes the long hours of the night by thinking of her and their early life together.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 3: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 23 March [1824?]

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Will soon return to Richmond by steamboat; makes arrangements to have his servant, Oby, meet him at the dock to carry his portmanteau; is not able to use his arm; was surprised to see John and Elizabeth [(Alexander) Marshall], who were in town because the boat on which they traveled was being repaired, and they were making their way to Baltimore by stage.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 4: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to "Nephew" Thomas G. Marshall, Taylorsville, Hanover County, [Virginia], 15 July 1824

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Missed seeing him at Hanover Court House on Monday, presumably because of the cloudiness of the weather; will be there next court day to meet him unless it is inconvenient, in which case he [Tom] should let him [John Marshall] know immediately.

Original is located in the Virginia State Library, on deposit John Marshall House, Richmond, Virginia.

Item 5: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Peter S. Du Ponceau, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], 17 July 1824

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Has just finished reading the copy of his "Dissertation on the Nature and Extent of the Jurisdiction of the Courts of the United States," which he sent to him [John Marshall]; thanks him for the flattering manner in which he discusses some of his [John Marshall] opinions.

Original is located in the Hampton L. Carson Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Item 6: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to James Monroe, [Washington, D.C.], 13 December 1824

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Thanks for sending a copy of his message to Congress; regrets that he [Monroe] is retiring, but congratulates him on his presidency.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page.

Item 7: [John Marshall], Washington, [D.C.], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 8 February 1825

3 pages. Autograph Letter. Signature missing.

Reached Washington yesterday and paid his accustomed visit to the President; he [John Marshall] occupies the same room as last year; neither Judge [William] Johnsonnor [Joseph] Storyhas arrived, and [Thomas] Todd is close to death; the roads were so good for the winter, he was glad he did not take the steamboat; rode from Hanover Courthouse to Fredericksburg with a Mrs. (Booth) Stone; dined with his aunt [?] Keith on Sunday; his nephew, William Marshall, visited him on Saturday; hopes that Mr. [?] Picket has filled the ice house already.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter. 2 pages.

Item 8: [John Marshall], Washington, [D.C.], to [James Markham Marshall, Happy Creek [?], Virginia], 14 February 1825

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. Incomplete.

Discusses presidential election of 1824; ascribes it to the letters of [?] Kremer and to Mr. [?] Vanraensaeller's reluctant last-minute vote for [John Quincy] Adams; speculates about the Cabinet; including Mr. [?] Crawford's refusal of the Treasury, and [Henry] Clay's rumored acceptance of the State Department.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page.

Original is located in Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri.

Item 9: [John Marshall], Washington, [D.C.], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall, Richmond, Virginia], 27 February 1825

3 pages. Autograph Letter. Signature missing.

Has received letters from his son and from his nephew, George [?], and has learned of the marriage of his [John Marshall] nephew, Edward Colston, who has moved to Honeywood, [Berkeley County, Virginia]; asks her to inform Mr. [?] Cole that he [John Marshall] has received his new black suit, and that [George] Kremer will soon print "a most scurrilous piece of abuse against [Henry] Clay[an anonymous letter in the Columbia Observer accusing him of bargaining with John Quincy Adams to give his support in the presidential election in return for the office of Secretary of State]; her [Mary Willis Ambler Marshall] cousin, Mrs. [?] Walker, thanked him for his check and the subscription raised for her by the members of Congress.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter. 2 pages.

Item 10: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to James Monroe, [no place], 7 March 1825

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Asks him to accept a copy of his [Marshall's] colonial history; congratulations him on the successful termination of his political career.

Original is located in the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Folder 4
Item 1: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to [Edward Everett, Boston, Massachusetts], 3 May 1825

1 page. Typewritten copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Is much honored by his election to the Bunker Hill Monument Association and asks what his membership will entail.

Item 2: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to James Monroe, Oak Hill, Loudoun [County, Virginia], 13 July 1825

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Has received his letters and documents stating his [Monroe's] claims on the U.S.; expects that he [Monroe] will receive as much as has ever been allowed to others for similar services.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page.

Original is located in the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Item 3: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Susan Ledyard, New York, 6 November 1825

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Thanks her for her letter recommending [?] Caldwell, but he has already pledged himself to another person seeking office.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page.

Item 4: John Sergeant, Philad[elphi]a, [Pennsylvania], to John Marshall, Richmond, Virginia, 6 December 1825

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

In response to his [John Marshall's] requests in his last letter, he [John Sergeant] is enclosing copies of Mr. [?] Giles' speech found in Dunlap and Claypoole's 16 December 1796 paper and in the Aurora of the 15th sources located at the [?] Library; and germane to his biography of Washington.

Item 5: Legal brief of the case of Cooper and Gilliam v. Field et. al, a case involving the illegal sale of escaped salves, co. 1825
2 pages. Autograph Document.
Subseries E1: Correspondence and Papers, 1826
13 items.
Folder 4
Item 6: Timothy Pickering, Salem, [Massachusetts], to John Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], 17 January 1826

5 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Thanks him for a copy of his [John Marshall's] history of the English colonies of North America which Joseph Story delivered a few weeks earlier; quotes Lord Kames [?] from his The Gentleman Farmer(1779); "I disregard the present rebellion of our Americans; for they will soon be reduced to obedience;" discusses present westward movement of the American population and predicts a new western confederacy of the movement of the national capital westward in the next generation; comments upon his [John Marshall's] statements on slavery, mentioning Colonel [Edward] Carrington'sand Mr. [Thomas] Jefferson'sviews on miscegenation and the Colonization Society's efforts; discusses Georgia's Governor [George M.] Troup'sdetested views on the slaves and Creek Indians, which seem to be held by most Georgians, who would defy the authority of the Union if they dared; that authority rests on "the purity, the intellegence and the firmness" of the Supreme Court; hopes he [John Marshall] long remains at the head.

Item 7: Timothy] Pickering, Salem, [Massachusetts], to John Marshall, [Washington, D.C.], 24 January 1826

7 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Has read Mr. [William Branch] Giles'latest article in the Richmond Enquirer on John Quincy Adams, which attributes his [John Quincy Adams's] "past conversion to Jeffersonism" to " his own personal promotion and aggrandizement;" Giles claims that Adams' message indicated his intentions to introduce unlimited powers into the government, but he [Timothy Pickering] disagrees; discusses Adams' policies regarding internal improvements, a national university, and the promotion of agriculture, all of which Washington recommended, and their constitutionality; discusses Giles, his character, and his political ambitions; writes of James Monroe's and William Pinckney's treaty with Great Britain and their letter to Congress, Monroe's bid for the Presidency, and his subsequent reconciliation with Jefferson; mentions Secretary of the State Robert Smith's correspondence with the British Minister [?] Jackson; his resignation, and published defense; discusses the death of Virginian U.S. District Court Judge Cyrus Griffin and the appointment of his successor John Tyler, ex-Governor of Virginia; which was made to make room for Monroe as Governor; Monroe was appointed to the State Department, "the vestibule to the President's Palace," when Smith resigned; discusses Jefferson's motives for not laying the treaty with Great Britain before Congress; concludes with Joseph Hopkinson's thoughts on Jefferson, Madison, and Monroe.

Item 8: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 5 February 1826

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Left Alexandria for Washington a day early because the weather was good for traveling; he, [Bushrod] Washington, and [Gabriel] Duvalawait the arrival of their brother Justices [Joseph] Story and [Smith] Thompson; Judge Johnson went by way of Norfolk and will not arrive till Wednesday or Thursday; Judge [Thomas] Toddis unable to make the journey; discusses his journey and health: "I am under the persecution of the infuenza;" will open the court and wait on the President tomorrow.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 9: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.] to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall, Richmond, Virginia], 12 February [18]26

1 page. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses his daily routine and his health; [Judge Joseph] Storyarrived today; he was delayed a week in Philadelphia by influenza; discusses a loan of $200 to Tom [Thomas Marshall, his son]; has received three invitations for dinner parties this week; discusses the gaiety of the Washington social scene; jests about Lucy Fisher [his niece] marrying [Dr. Daniel Norborne Norton] and persuading him to run for Congress.

Location of original is unknown.

Item 10: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 12 March 1826

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

John [Marshall, his son]passed through the city, but he did not have a chance to see him; was pleased to hear that she was well, expecting "the uncommon warmth of the season had relaxed your system so as to distress your feelings;" he enjoys his usual health; "was at a very great crowd at Mrs. [John Quincy] Adams'drawing room;" dined yesterday with Mr. [John] Randolph [of Roanoke]who is as much engaged in party politics as he has always been.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 11: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to Timothy Pickering, [Salem, Massachusetts], 20 March 1826

3 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Congratulates him on his good health; gives his thoughts on Southern slavery; mentions Georgia's Governor [George M. Troup] and the treaty with the Creeks; discusses Mr. [William Branch] Giles; thanks him for his recollections of the events of the last twenty years.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Folder 5
Item 1: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Samuel Bayard, Princeton, New Jersey, 15 June 1826

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Has received his letter expressing his interest in the position of the clerk of the Supreme Court; the applicants are numerous and worthy; recalls their former acquaintance, and is confident in his competence, but wants to make such an important appointment "without any pre-engagements."

Original is located in the Rush Rhees Library, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York.

Item 2: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to James Monroe, [no place], 30 July 1826

2 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Replies to his letter recommending Mr. [?] Randall for the vacant office in the Clerkship of the Supreme Court; discusses his feelings regarding the appointment; has been having trouble with famine and drought.

Original is located in the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Item 3: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Judge [?] Fay, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 15 September 1826

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses marriage arrangements of his son Edward [Carrington Marshall]with the Judge's daughter.

Item 4: J[ohn] M[arshall], Richmond, [Virginia], to [Judge Fay, Cambridge, Massachusetts], 15 October 1826

4 pages. Draft of Autograph Letter Signed.

Apologizes for his last letter of 15 September 1826; did not realize that he [Fay] was opposed to Edward Carrington Marshall's marriage to his [Fay's] daughter; "I hope Edward has received notice of your decision... It will be [a] kindness to awaken him as soon as possible from the dreams of happiness in which he has been too long indulging."

Item 5: Jos[eph] Hopkinson, Philad[elphia, Pennsylvania], to John Marshall, Richmond, Virginia, 27 October 1826

1 page. Autograph Letter Signed.

Has finally discovered the letters in the Aurora from 23 October to 5 November 1795 written by the "Calm Observer" relating to the charge of illegal payment of the President's salary and the replies thereto by [Alexander] Hamiltonand O.[?] Wolcott; these were not written by [William Branch] Giles; Judge [Bushrod] Washingtonhad to break up his court because of ill-health.

Item 6: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to [T. S. Hinde, Kentucky ?], 16 December [1826?]

1 page. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Has received his letter by Mr. [?] Doddridge; apologizes for any inconvenience which may be caused by the disposal of the letters of recommendation which the recipient sent by Mr. [?] Rowan and Colonel [?] Johnson.

Item 7: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to "nephew" James Marshall, Winchester, [Virginia], 29 December 1826

4 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses legal principles involved in the Fairfax lands case.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 4 pages.

Original is located in Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri.

Folder 5
Item 8: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to Timothy Pickering, Salem, Massachusetts, 15 March 1827

2 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Has seen in the papers discussions between his brother Johnson [?] and him [Timothy Pickering] respecting Count Pulaske [Pulaski] and the Battle of Germantown; "with the exception of Judge [?] Peters, yourself, & Mr. [?] Wolcot[t]I can scarcely find any person who was conspicuous on the great theatre of our country when I first began to mix in public affairs;" asks if he will travel south to Washington; discusses George Washington and his firmness of character.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 9: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to James K[eith] Marshall, Moreland near Oak Hill, Fauquier [County, Virginia], 3 July 1827

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Encloses a check on the bank of Winchester for $600 to be endorsed to Mr. [?] Smith; was surprised that the sale of the land was $200 less than he thought; Alexander Marshall informed him [John Marshall] that he settled $200 which he owed him with Mr. Smith; finished cutting his wheat and rye last week; his corn has suffered from the cold wet spring and now from drought; discusses weather and crop pests.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 3 pages.

Item 10: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to H[enry] B[idleman] Bascom, [no place], 19 November 1827

1 page. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses the science of agriculture and whether or not it should be taught at a university.

Location of original is unknown.

Item 11: Joseph Story, Salem, [Massachusetts], to John Marshall, Richmond, Virginia, 15 December 1827

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Has read the review which will be published in the forthcoming January 1828 edition of the North American Review of his [John Marshall's] History of the Colonies; encloses a copy of it; hopes to meet him in January and introduce Mrs. Story to him.

Item 12: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to [Joseph Story, Salem, Massachusetts], 30 December 1827

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed. (Draft not sent?)

Has received his flattering letter and biography of him and warmly expresses his gratitude; accommodations for Mrs. Story may be had at Mr. [?] Rapine's in Washington; discusses the present contest for the Presidency; fears that "our constitution is not to be so long lived as its real friends have hoped."

Subseries E2: Correspondence and Papers, 1828
16 items.
Folder 5
Item 13: J[ohn] Marshall, [no place], to John Randolph, [no place], 6 March 1828

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Thanks him for a copy of his speech on "retrenchment and reform;" intended to call on him, but the pressure of official duties and the indolence of age have prevented it.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Original is located in the John Marshall House, Richmond, Virginia.

Item 14: J[ohn] R[andolph] of Roanoke to John Marshall, [no place], 20 March 1828

2 pages. Autograph Letter.

Must decline his invitation to be his companion on the Potomac because of his ill health; Mr. [?] Sheppherd has given a good account of "our Jacobin Banker's Clerk" [?]; discusses Sheppherd's and the clerk's lives.

Item 15: J[ohn] M[arshall], Richmond, [Virginia], to Joseph Story, Salem, Massachusetts,, 26 March 1828

2 pages. Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Begs him to accept his portrait painted by Mr. [Chester] Hardingin Washington as a token of his sincere and affectionate friendship; will not send it to Richmond until Mr. [Horatio] Greenough casts his bust; enjoyed a pleasant trip from Washington to Richmond where he has seen none but his family since his return; the spirit of party is extremely bitter, but he plans to leave for the upper country; had one of his [Joseph Story's] fish yesterday; received news from Mr. [?] McGruder of the loss of his [John Marshall's] sortout.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 16: H[enry] Clay, Washington, [D.C.], to J[ohn] Marshall, no place, 8 April 1828

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Takes the liberty to write him; regrets that it was necessary for him [John Marshall] to announce publicly his feelings on the election, because it will not subject him to the abuse of the partisans.

Original is located in the John Marshall House, Richmond, Virginia.

Folder 6
Item 1: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Joseph Story, Salem, Massachusetts, 1 May 1828

4 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Did not have a chance to answer Mr. [Chester] Harding's letter asking what should be done with his [John Marshall's] portrait; if he [Chester Harding] is in Boston, have him deliver it to you [Joseph Story]; asks him [Joseph Story] to take care of it till he [John Marshall] can have it and his bust sent to Richmond; discusses how the Marylander misquoted him on the coming election; an epidemic has prevailed extensively in Richmond.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 2: John Randolph of Roanoke to John Marshall, [no place], 6 March 1828

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Has received his letter and is grateful for his kind words; although the still burnt Kentucky Whiskey is nauseous to my palate, "I can yet enjoy the aroma of an exquisite glass of Madeira, or Paxasete, or Burgundy and I doubt whether my head would have been more affected by a bottle of Clos Von gedt, capped with another of such [silvery?] Champagne, than by your truly kind note."

Item 3: [John Marshall, no place] to [?], 29 May 1828

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed. Incomplete.

Discusses the recipient's proposed amendment to a bill before the House of Representatives concerning the U.S. Circuit Court System.

Item 4: John Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Willis Cowlin, James Sezer, and James Gray, [Richmond, Virginia], 28 June 1828

1 page. Photograph of Letter.

Letter declining their honor of joining the Richmond and Manchester Sabbath School in a 4th of July procession, not because he does not believe in the principles inspiring it, but because he must leave town due to Mrs. Marshall's feeble health; (the letter was probably written and signed by a secretary).

Location of original is unknown.

Item 5: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to William B. Sprague, West Springfield, Massachusetts, 22 July 1828

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Cannot satisfy his request to send him letters with autographs of the Virginian signers of the Declaration of Independence as they have not been preserved or contain private communications; has read and enjoyed the sermons he sent; discusses the nature of church and state in post-Revolutionary Virginia; gratified by his [William B. Sprague's] sermon on intemperance and gives his [John Marshall's] views on the subject.

Item 6: J[ohn] Marshall, [Richmond, Virginia?] to his son [Thomas Marshall?, "Oak Hill," Fauquier County, Virginia?], 29 August 1828

3 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. Signature torn.

Discusses a land case concerning Mrs. [?] Clarke and Mr. [?] Swan, and Mr. [?] Pollard; have no further communications with Swan as "he has no idea of...frank dealing"; Mr. [?] Fiske wrote that he can lend money for Mrs. [?] Carrington; please send down his [John Marshall's] ponies with Charles Smith or Mr. [?] Colston.

Location of original is unknown.

Item 7: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Martin P. Marshall, Flemingsburg, Fleming County, Kentucky, 2 September 1828

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Has just received Mr. [?] Triplett's letter and is willing to allow him 20% commission on the money he may collect from the estate of Mr. [?] Davies [?]; discusses arrangements for drawing money on his [John Marshall's] account; asks him to pay costs incurred in the execution of the above matter; discusses election of General [Andrew] Jackson.

Original is located in the William L. Clements Library, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Item 8: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to son [Thomas Marshall?, Oak Hill, Fauquier County, Virginia?], l2[?] September 1828

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Makes arrangements to pay [ ] $1000 to Swan for a land purchase.

Original is located in the University of Virginia?

Item 9: Thomas Marshall, Oak Hill, [Faquier County, Virginia], to John Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], 26 September 1828

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Has received his letter concerning news of the birth of Margaret's [(Lewis) Marshall]'s nephew; mentions health of his family, including the children's whooping cough; prices in the Alex[andri]a flour market and how the dry weather is affecting crops; writes of his own agricultural efforts, including the operation of a large roller for his corn fields; has been unable to send down the horses; will attend a sale at Westover on Mr. [?] Lewis's request; Mr. Lewis, Mr. [?] Coiston, and Mr. Cha[rle]s B. Smith are not able to take the horses to him [John Marshall] or to Aunt [?] Carrington.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page.

Item 10: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Joseph Story, Salem, Massachusetts, 29 October 1828

3 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Has finished reading his centennial discourse on the first settlement of Salem; was touched by his portrayal of the story of the Indians; especially enjoyed the passages respecting the Lady Arabella Johnson; read with interest his sketch of the recently deceased [Robert] Trimble, brother Supreme Court Justice; congratulates him on the appointment of [Joseph] Hopkinson[to the Eastern District of Pennsylvania District Court Judgeship].

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 11: J[ohn] Marshall, Norfolk, [Virginia], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, [Virginia], 31 October 182[8?]

1 page. Autograph Letter Signed.

The case will not be finished till Saturday and he [John Marshall] will not be home till Tuesday; had a pleasant sail down the river to Norfolk; boards in a very agreeable house.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page.

Item 12: J[ohn] Marshall, [Washington, D.C.], to "Mr. Librarian" [?, Washington, D.C.], [c. 1828]

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Requests him to purchase two more copies of [Joseph] Story's three volume [ Public and General Statutes passed by the Congress of the United States, 1789-1827] for the Supreme Court.

Original is located in the Hampton L. Carson Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Box 4
Subseries E: Correspondence and Papers of John Marshall, 1820-1829
Folder 1: Correspondence and Papers, 1829
10 items.
Item 1: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 1 February 1829

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

The sick [Supreme Court] judges have arrived; he continues his morning walks; they dined with the President and Mrs. [John Quincy] Adams on Friday; discusses their feelings on [Andrew] Jackson'selection; Jackson is expected in the city in a fortnight; mentions Mrs. Jackson's death; discusses his [John Marshall's] dinner invitations; tell Mr. [?] Call [Cole?] the secretaries are sick, and [Henry] Claycaught a cold by attending the colonization society; discusses the upcoming inauguration.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages. Also including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page.

Item 2: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall, Richmond, Virginia], 19 February 1829

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Encloses a letter to be sent to Mr. [?] Payne; imagines that Oby has carried out the clover seed from the cellar; received news from his son James [Keith Marshall]that she was not well; has written to his son in a feeble attempt to console him [Thomas Marshall on the death of his wife Margaret]; receive news from Jaquelin [Marshall]of his new son, Jaquelin Jr.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page. Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 3: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to "Polly" [Mary Wilis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 28 February 1829

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Has had no news of her and is worried; discusses her delicate health; received news from his son Edward [Carrington Marshall]who grieves for his brother's [Thomas's] loss; received a serious and very religious letter from Thomas, who is much occupied with his children and superintends his son John's education.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page.

Original is located in the John Marshall House, Richmond, Virginia.

Item 4: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to Thomas Marshall, Oak Hill, Fauquier County, Virginia, 20 March 1829

3 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Answers his letter of 21 February; is pleased that he has turned to religion and reason in handling his grief in losing his wife; is glad that he has kept John at hand [instead of sending him to Princeton]; an epidemic has hit the University [of Virginia] at Charlottesville, and a son of General [?] Jones is dying of the fever; this city [Washington] is full of office-sickness; discusses the spoils system.

Original is located in the John Marshall House, Richmond, Virginia.

Item 5: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Joseph Story, Salem, Massachusetts, 11 June 1829

3 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Has received his letter enclosing a copy of Judge [Joseph] Hopkinson's commission; will attend Virginia's constitutional convention as a delegate; explains his feelings regarding his election to the convention and to its being convened.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 6: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Joseph Story, Salem, Massachusetts, 3 July 1829

3 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Has received his letter accompanying his anniversary address to the Suffolk bar and Mr. [John] Brazer's discourse at the interment of Dr. [Edward] Holyoke; advises him against precipitous fulfillment of the publication requirements for his Dane Professorship [at Harvard]; his attention has been turned to the two great cases before the Supreme Court; place your thoughts of them on paper; Mr. [Smith] Thompson will look into the New York case; discusses the matters which will come before the Virginia constitutional, convention: property qualifications, senate apportioning, basis of representation, freehold suffrage.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 7: J[ohn] Marshall, [Richmond, Virginia], to Mr. Rawlings, [Richmond, Virginia], 25 July 1829

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

After much hesitation, he must complain to him about his barking dog which has distressed his [John Marshall's] wife who is in very poor health; is extremely apologetic over causing any inconvenience.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page. (Incomplete).

Item 8: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Joseph Story, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 30 September 1829

2 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Has read his discourses pronounced as Dane Professor of Law at Harvard; is impressed with his teaching efforts: "Our southern youths would stumble at the threshhold [of your most appalling course].. .You yankees have more perseverence"; no hopes that he lives to read his lectures; still regrets being a member of Virginia's constitutional convention.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 9: M[artin] Van Buren, [Washington, D.C.], to John Marshall, [Washington, D.C.], 11 November [18]29

1 page. Autograph Letter Signed.

Will be unable to accept his invitation as he is leaving town on Saturday and will be busy until then.

Item 10: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to [?, Richmond, Virginia], 21 December 1829

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed. Draft, not sent?

Accepts his election as [Bushrod] Washington's successor' in some honorary position [President of the American Colonization Society?].

Subseries F: Correspondence and Papers of John Marshall, 1830-1839
55 items.
Folder 2: Correspondence and Papers, 1830
12 items.
Item 1: [John Marshall, Washington, D.C.?] to [John C. Calhoun?, Washington, D.C.?], 11 January 1830

2 pages. Autograph Letter. Incomplete draft, unsigned.

Has finished reading his 1809 Fourth of July oration and his December 1828 speech "on the constitutionality of the Tariff and the true nature of state government;" his speech in the Senate was well-argued: "Is it possible that South Carolina can withstand so powerful an appeal to... her patriotism.. .and her real interest?"; is flattered by the notice he took of the author of the Life of Washington [John Marshall] in his notes.

Item 2: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 31 January 1830

4 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Writes of his son Edward [C. Marshall]who is a proud new father; dined with the President [Andrew Jackson] and his [Andrew Jackson's] niece Mrs. [Andrew Jackson] [Emily] Donelson; saw Tom Francis a week ago; Judges [William] Johnsonand [John] McLean do not board with the other judges; Judge [Smith] Thompsonis sick; complains about not receiving his rent from his tenants Mr. [?] Sprigg on the Potomac and another at Anderson's Bottoms.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page.

Item 3: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia,, 14 February 1830

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses the dinner parties which he and his brother Justices have attended; the Secretary of State [Martin van Buren] gave one for the new bride of the President's [Andrew Jackson's] nephew [?]; he dined yesterday with the British Minister; the influenza is as prevalent as it was in Richmond; Judge [Gabriel] Duvalleft town because of a relapse of his son; James [Kieth Marshall, his son]wrote three days past about his brother Edward [Carrington Marshall]; mentions Washington's Birthday Celebrations effect on her.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 3 pages. Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 4: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 28 February 1830

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Heard from his granddaughter that she [Mary Willis Ambler Marshall] became indisposed upon her return from Chickahominy; has received a letter from his son James who sold his horse for $l000[?]; Mr. [Joseph] Story, who has been laid up for a week under the doctor's hand has returned to court.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 5: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 7 March [1830?]

3 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses his morning routine; dined yesterday with Mr. [?] Swann; Mr. [Joseph] Story is still not well enough to go out; talked about his nephew William [?] with Mr. [?] Mercer; Tom Francis took a stage for Kentucky; saw Mr. [?] Coleman, husband of his niece Lucy [?], who is a strong Jackson man; his [John Marshall's] nephew Tom [Marshall]son of Humphry [Marshall]is a strong Clay man, and will oppose Mr. Coleman in the next Congressional election; party plays havoc with the Kentucky part of his [John Marshall's] family.

Original is privately owned.

Item 6: John L. Tillinghast, Washington, [D.C.], to [the Supreme Court, Washington, D.C.], 17 March 1830

1 page. Autograph Letter Signed.

Encloses papers which Mr. [Francis Scott] Key could not present to the Court in person.

Item 7: [Thomas H.] Benton, [Washington, D.C.] to [John Marshall, Washington, D.C.], "Saturday, afternoon", [ca. March 1830]

1 page. Autograph Letter.

Sends his respects to the Chief Justice; makes arrangements to see him.

Item 8: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Humphrey Marshall, near Frankfort, Kentucky, 4 April 1830

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses arrangements to have his father's [Thomas Marshall] will proved in the Virginia General Court so they can rule on his [Revolutionary War?] claim for half pay.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 9: [John Marshall], Richmond, [Virginia], to Edward C[arrington] Marshall, "Carrington," near Oak Hill, Fauquier [County, Virginia], 22 May 1830

3 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. Incomplete, torn.

Discusses land transactions with Capt. Slaughter and Major Thompsons; mentions Mr. [?] John Lewis's sale of his slaves to pay off Warner Lewis's debts; discusses their financial difficulties with Mr. [?] Nicholas and Mr. [?] Smith; encloses a promissory note of Edward C. and Mary Nelson Marshall on the Farmers Bank of Virginia for $5000.

Original is located in the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Item 10: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to James Hillhouse, Washington, District of Columbia, 26 May 1830

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses his [James Hillhouse] 1808 proposal of electing the president by drawing straws among Senators; he [John Marshall] was opposed to it in the past, but has seen too much strife and bitterness in party politics.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 11: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Joseph Story, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 15 October 1830

3 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Thanks him for sending a sermon on the late Massachusetts Chief Justice [Isaac Parker] and his [Joseph Story's] own sketch of Parker's Character; thanks him also for a box of fish; is sorry that brother Justice [John] McLean could not acquiesce in the [Craig V.] Missouri case; is-chagrined that so many cases, including Soulard, Smith and Cathcart and Robertson, were left incomplete at their last setting; discusses Mr. [James] Madison's letter to the editor of the North American Review.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 12: J[ohn] Marshall, [Richmond, Virginia?], to Crittenden Lyon, [no place], 26 December 1830

1 page. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Letter of reference for Capt. [?] Baylis who served with him during the Revolution.

Original is located in the National Archives, Washington, D.C.

Folder 3: Correspondence and Papers, 1831
15 items.
Item 1: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 30 January 1831

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Heard from Colo.[nel] [?] Lambertthat she was in her usual health; discusses the latest snowfall; dined with the minister of France and his wife, neither of whom could speak English; dined with Secretary of State Martin van Buren yesterday; saw Mr. [?] Robinson yesterday who gave news of his [John Marshall's] sister [Elizabeth] Colston and her family.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 2: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 7 February 1831

3 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Enjoyed calling on Mrs. [?] Sedgwick author of Hope Leslie today; the snow and ice has interrupted regular mail delivery from Richmond; they have lost their Marshal [?] Ringold, whose being ousted from office will distress his family.

On verso, J[ohn] Marshallto [Edward Carrington Marshall]. Asks him to find a valuable 1776 English pamphlet on the Declaration of Independence which Mr. [?] Storrs lent him [John Marshall] and which he misplaced.

Original is located in the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Item 3: [John Marshall], Richmond, [Virginia]. Poem, "Lines written for a lady's Album,", 30 March 1831
Item 4: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Joseph Story, Cambridge near Boston, [Massachusetts], 3 May 1831

3 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Sent him a barrel of hams on the schooner King to be deposited with Fisher and Pewer of Boston; asks him what the "wise men in the East" think of the Cabinet upheaval; discusses arrangements for new quarters in Washington as the Justices will no longer be lodging with Mr. [?] Brown; discusses the copy of Algernon Sianey ["Letters.. .in Defence of Civil Liberty and against the Encroachments of Military Despotism"?] which he [John Marshall] sent him [Joseph Story] earlier; discusses possibility of war and the reform in Great Britain; will set out on his circuit at the end of the week.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 5: J[ohn] Marshall, Raleigh, [North Carolina], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 12 May 1831

3 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Arrived yesterday; thanks her for the cushion she made him to ease his journey; discusses the visit of a niece.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page.

Original is located in the John Marshall House, Richmond, Virginia.

Item 6: Joseph Story, Cambridge, [Massachusetts], to John Marshall, Richmond, Virginia, 29 May 1831

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Received his letter and hams; regrets that the Court is moving out of Mr. Brown's; would like to lodge with him [John Marshall] and Judge Thompson; discusses the break-up of the cabinet, which was a surprise to him; thanks him for the Algernon Sidney pamphlet; informs him of the death of his [Joseph Story's] 10 year old daughter.

Item 7: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Joseph Story, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 26 June 1831

5 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Received his letters of May 25 and 31 and adopted his opinions respecting admiralty jurisdiction; discusses arrangements for lodgings in Washington next winter and explains why he cannot do anything till he hears from Judge [Henry] Baldwin; sympathizes with him over the loss of his child; tells of his similar experiences; he also wrote a poem in the occasion of his child's death, which he would have enclosed, but it was lost.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 8: J[ohn] Q[uincy] Adams, Quincy, [Massachusetts], to John Marshall, Richmond, Virginia, 17 September 1831

4 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Thanks him for his letter of 9 September; has conversed with Judge [Joseph] Story about the Declaration of Independence; discusses his [John Quincy Adams] ideas about it and the constitutional principles of state sovereignty, secession, and nullification.

Item 9: J[ohn] Marshall, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to "Polly" [Nary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, Virginia, 6 October 1831

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses his medical examination by Doctor [Philip Syng] Physick; will probably not see her again till he rides the circuit court 22 November; the gentlemen of the city, especially those of the bar, are painfully solicitous to show their respect; Nr.[?] Peters and Dr. [?] Gillespie press him to stay with them; gives directions for his crops to be tended to.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 10: J[ohn] Marshall, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to "Polly" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall, Richmond, Virginia], 12 October 1831

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

The rains of the last several days have prevented Dr. [Philip Syng] Physick from operating; discusses preparations for his medical treatment; missed Cary Ambler's visit because he was sitting for a portrait; Edward Ambler is in town; received a letter from brother [Joseph] Story; mentions his diet.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 11: J[ohn] Marshall, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to Joseph Story, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 12 October 1831

4 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses his medical treatment and Doctor [Philip Syng] Physick; Brother [Justice Henry] Baldwinis here; discusses the arrangements for the Justices' lodgings in Washington, either at Mrs. [?] Peyton's or Mr. [?] Peters'; explains why he did not think he would serve on the court at its next session; discusses his health and ailments of the past summer.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 12: J[ohn] Marshall, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to James K. Marshall, "Moreland," Fauquier County, Virginia, 12 October 1831

2 pages. Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Mr. [?] Giles will give news of his health; describes his ailment ("stones in the bladder") and the Doctor's examination; his operation by Doctor [Philip Syng] Physick has been delayed because of the weather; describes the Doctor and his [John Marshall's] accommodations; tell Major [?] Ambler that his brothers Edward and Cary are in town.

Original is privately owned.

Item 13: Edward Everett, Charlestown, [Massachusetts], to John Marshall, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], 18 October 1831

1 page. Autograph Letter Signed.

Heard of and congratulates him on successful operation; regards his health as "a matter of the highest national concernment..."

On verso, [John Marshall, to Edward Everett], incomplete. Is flattered by his kina token; describes his tedious operation; thanks him for his letter.

Item 14: J[ohn] Marshall, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to Joseph Story, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 10 November 1831

3 pages. Tyewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Learned from Mr. [?] Peters that he was seriously indisposed; intends to leave for Richmond next week; discusses difficulties in their living arrangements; they will probably quarter with [?] Ringold; Mr. [William] Johnson will live by himself, and [John] McLeanwill preserve his former position; Brother [Henry] Baldwin presides over the circuit court in session now in Philadelphia; describes his [John Marshall's] operation and medicine.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 15: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to James [Markham] Marshall, Happy Creek, Frederick, near Front Royal, [Virginia], 19 December 1831

3 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses the latest legal difficulties involving the Fairfax lands; his wife [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall] lies at death's door.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 3 pages.

Original is located in the Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri.

Folder 4: Correspondence and Papers, 1832
12 items.
Item 1: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington [D.C.], to Henry Lee, [Washington, D.C.?], 29 January 1832

3 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses a pamphlet to which he [Henry Lee] alluded in his letter; mentions [Thomas] Jefferson's "unjustifiable aspersions" on his [John Marshall's] conduct and principles; writes of his own and [George] Logon's experiences with the Revolutionary government of France; mentions the journal he kept in Paris.

Original is located in the Marshall Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Item 2: Legal opinion delivered by John Marshall in the case of Stephen Sicara et al. vs. Nancy Davis et al, [January 1832]

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Document. Incomplete.

Original is located in the Library of U.S. Supreme Court, Washington D.C.

Item 3: Will of John Marshall with Codicils dated 1832-1835, 9 April 1832

Certificate of the Clerk of the Circuit Court of Fauquier County dated 16 March 1961.

Original is located in the Fauquier County Courthouse?

Item 4: J[ohn] Marshall, Carrington, Fauquier County, Virginia, to Mary [(Marshall)] Harvie, Richmond, [Virginia], 22 April 1832

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Makes arrangements for the sale of Edward's [Carrington Marshall's] bank shares; her brother Tom [Thomas Marshall] tears that he will not win his election because he raises the clerk's fees.

Item 5: Richard Henry Wilde, Washington, [D.C.], to John Marshall, Richmond, Virginia, 18 June 1832

4 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

He was gratified by his complimentary comments on the speech he [Richard Henry Wilde] sent him [John Marshall]; sends him Mr. [?] Ingham's report on the relative value of gold and silver and Mr. [?] White's reports on coins; mentions Mr. [?] Jacob's work on the subject.

Item 6: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia] to Joseph Story, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 2 August 1832

4 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Thanks him for sending him the first volume of the American Library of Useful Knowledge; the Librarian of Congress has asked him [John Marshall] to help spend $5000 on law books for the library, and he [John Marshall] asks him [Joseph Story] to suggest titles; discusses [Charles] Mercer and the Bank Question and internal improvements in Virginia; the party guide The Enquirer is unable to make Mr. [John] Barbour"pull in the traces;" discusses national politics and the threat of nullification; comments upon the Cholera epidemics in the seaports of New York and Boston.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 7: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to [?, no place], 12 September 1832

1 page. Photostat of Printed Letter.

Has received and read his essay "A Congress of Nations for the Amicable Adjustments of National Differences;"Feels that its argument is well arranged and supported by applicable biblical quotations, but is also impracticable.

See the November and December 1832 issue of The Comet.

Item 8: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to [James Keith Marshall, "Moreland", Fauquier County, Virginia], 15 September 1832

1 page. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Is having difficulties selling his stock for him; there is a severe outbreak of cholera in Richmond; discusses the disease; is relieved to hear that he is restored to health and that John Harvie is getting better; discusses the disabling of his horse.

Original is privately owned.

Item 9: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Joseph Story, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 22 September 1832

3 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Thanks him for his help in selecting titles for the congressional law library; discusses his choice of books; is gratified that his course on constitutional law [at Harvard] nears completion; shares his gloomy prospects of the country; "The case of the south seems to me to be desperate.. .The union has been prolonged thus far by miracles. I fear they cannot continue."

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 10: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to James K[eith] Marshall, Leeds Manor [illegible], Fauquier [County, Virginia], 8 October 1832

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses how he sold his [James Keith Marshall's] and Edward's [Carrington Marshall's]stock; hopes his merchandising speculation will be successful; congratulates him on the birth of his daughter; has just returned from Mr. White's son's funeral, who died of cholera; discusses the disease.

Original is located in the John Marshall House, Richmond, Virginia.

Item 11: Memorial written by John Marshall to his wife Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall on the first anniversary of her death in which he quotes a poetic lament written by Gen[eral John] Burgoyne, 25 December 1832

4 pages. Photostat of Autograph Manuscript.

Original is located in the John Marshall House, Richmond, Virginia.

Item 12: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Joseph Story, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 25 December 1832

5 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Thanks him for the dedication of his new book; congratulates him upon its completion; the [Virginia] legislature is in session; discusses Andrew Jackson's response to nullification and his party's reaction to it; writes of Virginia's relationship to South Carolina and the possibility of their joining in a southern confederacy; thanks him for a copy of Mr. [Daniel] Webster's speech; mentions Brother Justice [Henry] Baldwin's sickness.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Folder 5
Item 1: Thomas A. Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to John Marshall, Richmond, Virginia, 4 January 1833

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Encloses a power of attorney authorizing him to draw what is coming to him [Thomas A. Marshall] on account of grandfather's [Col. Thomas Marshall] halt pay; discusses Congress and the Nullification crisis; mentions Judge [Henry] Baldwin'smisfortune and that Judge [Smith] Thompson is in town.

Including Autograph Document Signed. 2 pages. 3 January 1833. Power of attorney granting John Marshall the right to draw the money due Thomas A. Marshall as heir to Colonel Thomas Marshall, Revolutionary War veteran entitled to the half pay pension; signed by Justice of the Peace D.A. Hall.

Item 2: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.], to [?, no place], 5 February 1833

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Returns his portfolio of drawings of Washington and pictures of Revolutionary Boston; recalls traveling to Richmond with him once.

Original is located in the Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield, Illinois.

Item 3: J[ohn] Marshall, Washington, [D.C.] to Jaquelin B. Harvie, Richmond, Virginia, 8 February 1833

1 page. Autograph Letter Signed.

Informs him that his son was accepted to West Point; does not think the Tariff bill or the bill concerning South Carolina's legislature will pass Congress.

Item 4: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Charles Carter, no place, 8 May 1833

2 pages. Typewritten copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Received his letter of 27 April; discusses Mr. [Edmund] Pendleton; mentions a copy of a letter from Mr. Carr in the possession of Col. John Nichols; Augustine Davis may have published it; his [Charles Carter's] brother has written to Mr. [?] Sujt in regards to it; discusses Mr. [Edmund] Pendleton, [Thomas] Jefferson, and the XYZ dispatch.

Original is located in the Marshall Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Item 5: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Joseph Story, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 3 June 1833

3 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses Lt. Randolph's case, Mr. Watkin's case, the power of arrest, and the Judiciary Act; rejoices at the abridgement of his Commentaries for the public; discusses its place in colleges and universities.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 6: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Henry Lee, Paris, [France], 21 September 1833 [?]

3 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses the national fervor in France based upon the martial glory of Napoleon and demonstrated by the statue at the top of the column of Austerlitz in the Place de Vendome; compares Napoleon's popularity with the people to that of George Washington's, Hannibal's, and Ceasar's; all were "victims of the infernal machine" [party politics]; discusses national politics and [Martin] Van Buren.

Original is located in the Duke University, Durham, North Carolina.

Item 7: Thomas Marshall, Oak Hill, [Fauquier County, Virginia], to John Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], 29 October 1833

4 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses the addition James [K. Marshall] is making to the house at Leeds for his father [John Marshall]; mentions Jaquelin's [Marshall]experiences of housing slaves in basements at Prospect Hill; mentions the weather and growth of crops and the health of his [Thomas Marshall's] daughter Mary; Aunt [Elizabeth (Marshall)] Colstonis in poor health and will probably not visit Richmond this Winter; his [Thomas Marshall's] son John's plans have changed and he has bought Mr. [?] Smith's tract of land; tell Mr. [?] Tiffin that the girls have never received the box of articles he sent to Mr. [?] Cawood by steamboat.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 8: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond,[Virginia], to Joseph Story, Cambridge near Boston, [Massachusetts], 16 November 1833

5 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Has just received a letter from Mr. [?] Ringold who has moved from Washington and can not accommodate them next winter; "the political world.., is surely moved topsy turvy;" mentions southern states insistence on state sovereignty; asks him about Brother [Justice John?] McClain [McLean's?] opinion in Tennessee.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 9: J[ohn] Marshall, Jr. Winchester, [Virginia], to "Uncle" John Marshall, Richmond, Virginia, 16 March 1834

4 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses the 1793 contract signed with Denny Fairfax for the Manor of Leeds and the South Branch Manor; suggests strategies to prove their legal title to the land.

Item 10: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to James K. Marshall, Manor of Leeds, Fauquier [County, Virginia], 12 April 1834

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses the purchase of land and the legalities it would entail; mentions the possibility of mortgaging the Mont Blanc estate for a loan.

Original is located in the John Marshall House, Virginia State Library.

Item 11: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Joseph Story, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 24 April 1834

5 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

His present, a copy of his Commentaries [on the Constitution] and Allison's Sermons, has arrived on the Lucy and Abigail; has sent him copies of his [John Marshall's] Life of Washington to be delivered to [Daniel] Webster, [John Quincy] Adams; the Massachusetts Historical Society, the Boston Athanaeum (which complimented him by having his portrait painted for their gallery), and Mrs. [?] Ledyard; discusses publication of his [Joseph Story's] Commentaries, which will not be popular in the South; discusses [Henry] Clay'sTariff bill.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Item 12: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to James K. Marshall, Leeds Manor, Fauquier [County, Virginia], 9 May 1834

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses sale of his [James K. Marshall's] land; inform Edward [Carrington Marshall]that he [John Marshall] is pleased with the terms on which he has not rented Mont Blanc; will not leave for the country till July when he will visit [Fauquier White Sulphur] Springs; the May wheat has been injured by frost.

Original is located in the John Marshall House, Virginia State Library.

Item 13: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Joseph Story, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 3 December 1834

3 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Questions him about the defeat of [John] Hardin at the battle of the St. Joseph reported in his [John Marshall's] Life of Washington; asks him to check with Mr. [Jared] Sparksif it was really fought on Paint Creek; discusses the elections of the Virginia legislature; mentions Martin van Buren.

Original is located in the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Folder 6
Item 1: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to [?], 4 April 1835

3 pages. Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Describes how George Washington convinced him to run for Congress in 1798.

Original is located in the Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Item 2: J[ohn] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to J. Y. Campbell, Uniontown, Pennsylvania, 4 April 1835

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Would have written upon his return from Washington, but was seriously injured in the stage; cannot find and send him a letter in George Washington's hand as requested; does enclose a military appointment of 1799 with Washington's signature.

Location of original is unknown.

Item 3: Henry Potter, Fayetteville, [North Carolina], to John Marshall, Richmond, Virginia, 20 May 1835

1 page. Autograph Letter Signed.

Hopes his injury will not be permanent; fears the loss to the nation if he resigns; has "cleared the decks for the great legal conflict."

Subseries G: Correspondence and Papers of John Marshall, no date
8 items.
Folder 6
Item 4: J[ohn] Marshall, [Richmond, Virginia], to [?], No date

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses arrangements regarding the acquisition of Mrs. [?] Kennon's [?] negroes.

Original is located in the Virginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia.

Item 5: J[ohn] Marshall, [Richmond, Virginia], to Charles Lee, Fredericksburg, [Virginia], No date

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses Mr. [?] Warden's and Mr. Washington's and Brooke's suits which he [Charles Lee] agreed to look into for him [John Marshall].

Original is located in the John Marshall House, Richmond, Virginia.

Item 6: Notes written in French in Marshall's hand describing the origins of the English colonies in America, No date
8 pages. Autograph Letter.
Item 7: J[ohn] Marshall, [Richmond, Virginia?], to [?] Cary and [?] Lea, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania],, No date

1 page. Autograph Letter Signed.

A friend from the West has pointed out an error in his [John Marshall's] manuscript which he would like to correct as follows: "v.2 p.207 1.27 at "Chilicothe".. ."not Chilicothe on the Scioto in Ohio, but ... an old Indian village then standing about seventy-five miles rather East of North from Cincinnati...

Item 8: [John Marshall, Richmond, Virginia] to "my dear son" [Thomas Marshall?, Fauquier County, Virginia], No date

2 pages. Autograph Letter.

Has had some difficulty weighing and selling his Parkinson breed of hogs because they were too large and their meat is not sweet enough; discusses purchases made for him, Mary, Fanny Burwell, and Maria Willis according to his directions; is surprised at the magnitude of his [Thomas Marshall's] debts; lectures on paying them off.

Item 9: J[ohn] Marshall, [Richmond, Virginia] to John Henry, [no place], No date

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Informs him that his rent for the Campbell [?] land belonging to his [John Marshall's] father's estate is due.

Original is located in the Rush Rhees Library, University of Rochester.

Item 10: [John Marshall, Washington, D.C.], to "The President of the United States." [Washington, D.C.], No date

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter.

Accepts the President's invitation to dinner next Thursday at four.

Original is located in the Hampton L. Carson Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Item 11: J[ohn] R[andolph] of R[oanoke]to John Marshall, [Washington, D.C.?], Undated

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses the last letter which he [John Randolph Roanoke] sent to him [John Marshall].

Original is located in the John Marshall House, Richmond, Virginia.

Subseries 2: Correspondence and Papers of Relatives and Descendents of John Marshall, 1797-1916
17 items.
Box 5
Folder 1
Item 1: Mrs. [Eliza J. (Ambler) Brent] Carrington, Mount Vernon, [Virginia], to Mrs. [Nancy (Ambler)] Fisher, no place, 22 November 1797

12 pages. Copy of Letter. Incomplete.

[Both are sisters of John Marshall's wife, Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall.]. Discusses her and her husband's, [Colonel Edward Carrington], visit with the Washington family at Mount Vernon and the impending delivery of Mrs. L. Custis Lewis's first child; describes their visit to the new national capitol on the Potomac; writes of their return to Mount Vernon and of their diversions there, which include hunting deer and taking care of the new baby, or "the pretty little stranger"; describes a chambermaid and other servants; comments upon domestic fashions and describes the furnishings of the mansion, which concludes with a description of the estate with its greenhouse and gardens, and of their host's [George Washington] treatment of his many visitors.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 6 pages.

Item 2: Mary M[arshall, daughter of John Marshall], Honey Wood, [Fauquier County, Virginia?], to her mother, 1 February 1811

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

[Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall, Richmond, Virginia]. Hopes that she will send for her in April, although her Aunt [Elizabeth (Marshall) Colston] says that it is unlikely; Uncle [Rawleigh Colston] is upset at all the letters she is sending, and refuses to pay postage on them; wanted to buy muslin in Martinsburg to make her a handkerchief and a cap for sister [?]; discusses her French lessons with her tutor, Mr. LeRoy, and incidents of his exasperation with Tom [Thomas M. Colston], Tom [Thomas] Marshall[a cousin], and Rawleigh [a cousin, Raleigh T. Colston], Cousin Edward [Colston] cruelly takes delight in telling her that she will not be able to go home until fall, and "Uncle says he does not think you love me enough to ... send for me..."

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 3: J[ames Markham] Marshall, Happy Creek, [Frederick County, Virginia], to his nephew, Martin P. Marshall, Washington, Mason County, Kentucky, 11 April 1822

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Has already conveyed his [James Markham Marshall's] undiscarded half of land at the forks of the Licking [Fauquier County?]; no longer has an interest in it, but will convey the novelty to him [Martin P. Marshall] at any time; "lament[s] extremely the misunderstanding between yourself and Tom..."; Lucy Marshall is in Fauquier [County].

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page.

Location of original is unknown.

Item 4: Tho[ma]s Marshall, "Westover," [Charles City County, Virginia], to "Mother" [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall], Richmond, [Virginia], 28 February 1824

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Was lucky he came down on Tuesday, For he found his daughter, Nancy, ill, which has caused them to postpone their return to Weyanoke, [Virginia]; has cone a little transferring for Father; has been playing chess with Mr. [?] James? Taylor of Norfolk; instructs Agnes [his daughter] to attend to her studies in Richmond; hopes her [Mary Willis (Ambler) Marshall] trip to Chickahominy did not fatigue her.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page.

Item 5: Edward C[arrington] Marshall, Cambridge, [Massachusetts], to Mary W[illis (Ambler)] Marshall, Richmond, Virginia, 8 November 1825

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Mentions changes made in the college government at Harvard College; complains of college life - "probably no life is so uninteresting to others as that of a merely literary man. An indolent collegian especially has nothing to say for himself..."; mentions his classes: Electricity, Astronomy, and Moral Philosophy; describes his "chums," [?] Turner, [?J Bonaparte, a nephew of the Emperor, [?] Cheves, son of Langdon Cheves, [?] Bruce, of Halifax County, and his cousin [?] Birchett; discusses dining arrangements at Harvard: "We have a large table, confined to southerners, and what are called gentlemen Yankees"; looks forward with great anxiety to graduating in ten months.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page.

Item 6: Mary W[illis (Ambler)] Marshall's will, [ca. 1830]

2 pages. Autograph Document.

Most of her bank stock is to be distributed to her children and their children, although she leaves five bank shares for her "faithful friend and house keeper Mrs. Francis Martyr" and her daughter Anne and ten dollars a year in perpetuity to the school for orphan children established by the Ladies of Richmond.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Document. 1 page.

Item 7: J[ohn] Marshall Jr., Mont Blanc, to Charles Fenton Mercer, Washington, [D.C.], 16 February 1832

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses the publication of the last Census and its effects on Congressional apportionment; discusses railroads and canals; writes of abolition in Loudoun and Fauquier Counties, [Virginia].

Item 8: Edw[ar]d C.[arrington] Marshall, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to Mary [(Marshall)] Harvie, Richmond, Virginia, 29 June 1835

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Informs her of her brother [Thomas Marshall's] accident in Baltimore and of his impending death; Father [John Marshall] has rallied from his severe cold, but does not continue to improve; he has taken cold again, is feeble, and has no appetite; he apprehends the worst.

Item 9: J[ames] K[eith] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to Claudia H. [(Burwell)] Marshall, Leeds Manor, Fauquier [County, Virginia], 6 December 1840

4 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Describes the weather; Mrs. [?] Mayo has the gout; Mary Archer and family are well; Margaret and Agnes Douthat are with her; Robert Pickett said nothing about paying back the loan; discusses his daughters' lessons under Mr. [?] Daley; gives directions for the farm; writes of General [Jaquelin] Harvie; discusses arrangements for her Christmas trip and for her slaves; asks about his daughters Claudia and Maria Willis.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages. Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 10: A[lexander] J[ames] Marshall, Warrenton, [Virginia], to Daniel Webster, no place, 24 April 1841

Writes a favorable recommendation for Dr. J. W. Leach who has resided in Fauquier County a few years and practiced medicine "with success and usefulness," but who desires to move to the city to "improve his fortunes and educate his children."

Including Autograph Note Signed from D[aniel] W[ebster], no place, no date to Mr. Bell, no place, recommending A.J. Marshall "son [nephew] of the late Ch[ief] Jus[tice] & a very reputable man."

Item 11: Edward Colston, [no place] to Dr. [?] Robinson, [no place], 27 December 1845

1 page. Copy of Autograph Letter Signed.

Handwritten copy [by Alice Colston?]; tells him to draw on his [Edward Colston's] money at the Valley Bank. of Winchester and send $10 to Raleigh Edward at Lexington and the rest to W[illiam] Leigh.

Including Copy of Autograph Document Signed, (in same hand); 12 October 1840, Elizabeth Colston's will; bequeaths her slaves and other worldly possessions to her children and grandchildren. 4 pages.

Item 12: United States of America. Passport issued to W. W. Harvie, 4 April 1858
Includes an engraving of a spread-eagled American bald eagle bearing a lyre with the motto "Nunc Sidera Ducit" surrounded by thirteen stars; also bears the seal of the Department of State; the passport stamps show that Harvie visited France, Belgium, Austria, Switzerland, Holland, Italy, Spain, Algeria, Rome, Naples, and Germany from May 1858 to March 1859.
Item 13: J[ames] K[eith] Marshall, Richmond, [Virginia], to [Claudia (Burwell) Marshall, Fauquier County, Virginia?], 7 January 1861

4 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Describes railroad travel in Virginia; discusses his visit in Richmond; mentions Col. [?] Mason's and G[overn]or [John B.] Floyd's efforts at arousing sentiment for immediate secession; mentions prices of railroad tickets.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page. Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages.

Item 14: Secretary of War of the Confederate States of America L[eroy] P[ope] Walker certifies that Frank G. Rutfin has been appointed a Captain in the Subsistence Department of the Provisional Army, 29 June 1861

1 page. Printed Document Signed.

Including Printed Document Signed. 1 page. Acceptance and oath of Frank G. Rutfin signed in Richmond before James Ellett, Notary Public, on 19 August 1861.

Item 15: An Appeal addressed to the Ladies of Virginia and signed by Mrs. M. H. Mactarland, Mrs. Frank G. Ruttin [Ellen S. (Harvie) Ruffin], Miss Catherine H. Myers, Mrs. F. E. Nelson, Mrs. N[?] B. Gwathney, and Mrs. M. Stewart Walker, asking for their assistance in relief work among wounded soldiers, [ca. August 1861]
2 pages. Autograph Document.
Item 16: Receipt for taxes paid by Frances G. Rutfin at Richmond, [Virginia], on lands in Chesterfield County, Virginia, 5 April 1866
1 page. Printed Document Signed.
Item 17: Albert J. Beveridge, Beverly Farms, Massachusetts, to Ellen Harvie Wade, Richmond, Virginia, 29 January 1916

3 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Thanks her for writing to him in Miss [?] Harvie's behalf and for granting him an extension; the publishers will finish the reproducing within three weeks at which time he will return the miniture [sic] to her aunt; distressed to hear of Anne Harvie's death.

Including Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. 1 page. Incomplete.

Subseries 3: Correspondence and Papers of Other Individuals, 1771-1844
14 items.
Box 5
Folder 2
Item 1: Indenture signed by Thomas, Lord Fairfax leasing lands in the Manor of, Leeds in Fauquier County, Virginia to John Dearing, 30 November 1771

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Document Signed.

Including Photostat of Autograph Document Signed. 2 pages. 30 November 1771. Another indenture signed by Fairfax leasing land in the Manor of Leeds to William Seth.

Original is located in the John Marshall House, Richmond, Virginia.

Item 2: Governor Patrick Henry of Virginia grants to George Washington, assignee of Baynes Carter, a 148 acre tract of land on Reed Creek in Henry County, Virginia, 21 November 1780
1 page. Printed Document. Incomplete.
Item 3: Governor P[atrick] Henry appoints Richard Richards Ensign of the 4th Company of the Sussex Regiment of Virginia militia, 1 July 1785

1 page. Photostat of Printed Document Signed.

Original is located in the John Marshall House, Richmond, Virginia.

Item 4: Land grant to Walter Graham and John James for land in Fayette County, [Virginia] [West Virginia], signed by Governor Beverley Randolph, 2[?] December 1789

1 page. Photostat of Document Signed.

Original is located in the John Marshall House, Richmond, Virginia.

Item 5: Bill of Lading for 311 barrels of flour to Norfolk, [Virginia], on the ship Dolphin, 29 June 1793

1 page. Photostat of Printed Document Signed.

Original is located in the John Marshall House, Richmond, Virginia.

Item 6: S[aint] G[eorge] [?] Tucker, Williamsburg, [Virginia], to John Page, Rosewell, [Virginia], 27 February 1801

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Does not view the consequences of their success in the election [of 1800] in as favorable a light as he [John Page] does; speculates on what would have been the result of the election had there been no contest between the "two Gentlemen who stood highest" [Jefferson and Burr], and if [Charles Cotesworter] Pin[c]keyor [John] Adams had opposed Jefferson; speculates on the "presumption" of the Federalist view that should "no election... take place, Mr. Adams is, under the Constitution, to continue in office until a successor be appointed; that is until the next election of course"; says appointments of John Marshall as Chief Justice, seventeen new judges, and [?] Bayard "the most unacceptable man that could be sent to the French republic," nominated as minister plenipotentiary -- all extend the influence of the Federalists and throw an obstacle in the way of Jefferson's administration; adds a few lines typical of what he sees as Federalist sentiment; and writes of their friendship.

Original is located in the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Item 7: John Randolph of Roanoke, Roanoke, [Virginia], to his nephew, T[heodorick] Tudor Randolph, Harvard College, Cambridge, [Massachusetts], 29 August 1813

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Since he [John Randolph] is not long for this world, is anxious to settle his affairs; "should you decide upon a settlement south of Philad[elphi]a (which God forbid) I am desirous that you should fix yourself as soon as possible on the plantation below the mouth of little Roanoke...[Bizarre Plantation?];" his [John Randolph's] infirmity has prevented him from giving the estate the requisite attention, and it is much encumbered with debt; discusses his failing health: "there is something radically amiss in the system. The machine cannot last much longer."

Item 8: Captain George Hunter, commander of the 60th Regiment of the Virginia Militia, appoints John E. Barker Sergeant and Officer of the Guard detailed to conduct 60th Regiment absentees back to camp, 3 October 1814

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Note Signed.

Original is located in the John Marshall House, Richmond, Virginia.

Item 9: John Randolph of Roanoke, Farmville, [Virginia], to [?], 23 April 1817

1 page. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed. Fragment.

Thanks him for compliance with his request "thru our mutual friend Mr. John Marshall"; will write soon; sends paper for Capt. Brown.

Item 10: H[enry] Clay, Ashland, [Kentucky?] to James F. Conover [?], Cincinnati, Ohio, 3 August 1831

3 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Comments on events in Washington which instill "deep regret and surprize"; mentions the election in Kentucky; says the antimasonic excitement will likely be "troublesome" but he will not get involved in it; has not heard from Mr. [?] Hammond for a long time but does not distrust him but disagrees over the issue of the representation of Ohio in the Baltimore Convention; glad to hear of his [James F. Conover] professional prospects.

Original is located in the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Item 11: F[rancis] S[cott] Key, U[nited] S[tates] A[ttorney], D[istrict of] C[olumbia], [Washington, D.C.], to J. E. Burfoot, Richmond, Virginia, [19 May 1833-1835?]

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Discusses the case of [?] Randolph being heard by U.S. District Court Judge [Philip P.] Barbour.

Item 12: Edward Anderson [?], Richmond, Virginia, to James P. Preston, Christianburg, [Virginia?], 9 July 1835

2 pages. Photostat of Autograph Letter Signed.

Chief Justice [John] Marshall died in Philadelphia last Monday, perfectly in his senses to the last; the news reached here only this morning, and his remains at 4 p.m.; describes the funeral procession.

Original is located in the Virginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia.

Item 13: H[enry] Lee, Paris, [France], to B[enjamin] W. Leigh, [no place], 28 August 1835

2 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Encloses the diploma of the historical Institute of France which just elected John Marshall a member on his [Henry Lee's] recommendation; describes Marshall's election to that society.

Item 14: W [?] H [?] Rooke, [T?] Hill [?], to Eliza McDonald, Marietta, Georgia, 15 April 1844

4 pages. Autograph Letter Signed.

Is happy about her recovery; quotes Shakespeare; describes his own health; writes of his political campaigning in King and Queen, King William, and Hanover counties, [Virginia]; describes her old neighborhood and farm, now occupied by Fleetwood Academy; discusses George Haskins situation, mentioning his lack of slaves; gossips about affairs in King and Queen County; discusses the unusual weather; tells an Irish joke; discusses [Henry] Clay's tariff.

Series 2: Printed Materials, Poems, and Charts, 1789-1959, No date
Box 5, Folder 3. 14 items.
Box 5
Folder 3
Item 1: Letters of George Washington, James Madison and Edward Everett submitted to various newspapers in which American Freemasony is attacked and defended, 25 September 1789, 24 January 1832, 29 June 1833
3 items. Newspaper Clippings.
Item 2: "The Home Life of Chief-Justice Marshall" by C.N.S. in the Richmond Dispatch, reprinted from the Louisville Age. Reminiscences of Marshall's personality, treatment of his wife and servants, and his leisure activities, 18 April 1879
3 pages. Newspaper Clippings.
Item 3: Articles describing various statues of Chief Justice John Marshall, 6 August 1881, 1925, and undated

3 items. Newspaper Clippings.

One was a wax portrait in basso-relievo donated by Horace Edwin Hayden to the Virginia Historical Society in 1881; another was the bronze monument by W.W. Story which stands on the terrace of the U. S. Capitol; the members of the Marshall family who attended the dedication of this statue are listed in a third article.

Item 4: Anonymous poem attacking John Marshall's decision in the Supreme Court case of Cohen vs. Virginia; the author, a proponent of state sovereignty, threatens that Marshall will be replaced by the Judge of the Court of Appeals of Virginia, Spencer Roane, [May-June 1821]

2 pages. Photostat of Poem.

Original is located in the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Item 5: "Lines written for a lady's album", [February 1829?]

1 page. Poem.

Poem written on the request of a lady to inscribe his name in her autograph book.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter. 1 page.

Item 6: Handwritten copy [ca. 1900] by Mrs. John K. Mason of a poem by John Marshall entitled "From the Chameleon to the Mocking Bird", [1829?]

3 pages. Copy of Poem.

Poem honors the splendid singing voice of Miss Eliza Lambert, the sister of Richmond's Mayor William Lambert.

Including Typewritten Copy of Autograph Letter. 1 page.

Original is located in the Westover Library, Arlington, Virginia.

Item 7: Poem by Innis Randolph, [1869?]

1 page. Poem.

"Lines on the occasion of the raising of the bronze statue of Chief Justice Marshall, at Richmond in 1869(?) - while Brig. Gen'l Terry was in command of 'District No. 1'"- which included the state of Virginia.

Item 8: "Case of Chief Justice Marshall", [1831]

2 pages. Photostat of Article in Volume 9 of the American Journal of Medical Sciences. Printed Manuscript.

Discusses tr. Physick's operation on John Marshall.

Item 9: Penciled note describing order of John Marshall's funeral procession and other arrangements for the day, 9 July 1835

2 pages. Autograph Note.

Lists his pall-bearers: Henry St. George Tucker, John B. Clapton, Benj[amin] W [?] Leigh, Tho[ma]s Rutherford, Cha[rle]s Copland, Rob[er]t Popllard, Chapman Johnson, Robert Stanard, [?] Scott, and [?] D. Wren[?]; also lists the Marshalls: Col. Geo[rge] M. Carrington, [?] General [William] Lambert, General [?] Peyton, and Col. Armistead.

Item 10: Account of John Marshall's 1831 operation by Doctor Physick written by J.[?] Randolph, M.D. and printed in A Memoir of Dr. Physick, [1839]

6 pages. Photostat of Printed Manuscript.

Mentions the results of an autopsy on Marshall's body after his death in 1835.

Original is located in the Library of the College of Physicians, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Item 11: "Chief Justice Marshall and his Work,"by Robert H. Hughes, 1887

24 pages. Printed Manuscript.

Published by the Reformed Church Publication Board in Philadelphia. The Centennial Address delivered before the Franklin and Marshall College of Lancaster, Pennsylvania on 14 June 1887.

Item 12: Genealogical chart of the Marshall Family by W. M. Paxton, [ca. 1890]

2 pages. Photostat of Printed Manuscript. Including index.

Medium oversize file.

Item 13: "The Political Ideas of John Marshall," autographed by the author, Saul K. Padover, in the Spring 1959 issue of Social Research, 1959
Subsequently published by McGraw-Hill in a 1960 book, Fountain of Freedom.
Item 14: Copy of an address by Alfred Harris Bright entitled "John Marshall,", No date

10 pages.

Original is located in the Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota.

Series 3: Prints, Engravings, and Artifacts, 1825-1937
8 items.
Box 5
Folder 4
Item 1: Color lithographs of two portraits of John Marshall, No date

2 items. Lithographs. Color.

The smaller one was copied from French painter Levret Saint Memin's 1801 crayon portrait of Marshall. The larger lithograph was copied from Chester Harding's 1830 painting.

Including a copy of and etching of John Marshall's house in Richmond.

Item 2: Black and white facsimiles of silhouettes of John Marshall, 1825, undated

2 items. Facsmilies. Black and White.

The original of the one of Marshall facing right was made in Richmond about 1825 by a French artist. It was hung at Oak Hill, was inherited by his eldest son Thomas Marshall, and is privately owned.

Item 3: Black and white engravings of John Marshall, No date

3 items. Engravings. Black and White.

Each was copied from the 1801 portrait of Marshall painted by Saint Memin. The large matted one was engraved by J. H. E. Whitney.

Item 4: Black and white photographic print of the 1831 oil painting of Marshall by Henry Inman, 1831

1 item. Photographic Print. Black and White.

Original hangs in the Virginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia.

Item 5: Black and white etchings and engravings of John Marshall, Undated

4 items. Etchings and Engravings. Black and White.

Two obviously derived from Henry Inman's 1831 portrait; one engraved by J. A. O'Neil shows Marshall in 1793 as the Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Virginia Freemasons; the last includes engravings of portraits of other U.S. Chief Justices: John Jay, Oliver Ellsworth, John Rutledge, R. B. Taney, M. R. Waite, Salmon P. Chase, and Melville W. Fuller.

Item 6: Calendar consisting of several block prints depicting John Marshall's chief decisions, his portrait, and the houses in which he lived, 1937

7 items. Prints.

Including a short history of Federal Hardware and Implement Mutual Insurance companies.

Item 7: Wooden letter opener, 7 inches long, bearing the words "John Marshall House"
Wood. 7"
Item 8: Gold pocket watch probably made by Liverpool watchmaker Robert Roskell and belonging to U.S. Chief Justice John Marshall, [ca. 1799-1825]
On permanent loan to the Smithsonian Institution and on display at the U.S. Supreme Court Building in Washington, D.C.
Series 4: Manuscript Volumes, 1780-1795
Boxes 5-8
Box 5
Folder 5
Item 1: Political scrapbook composed by Frank G. Ruffin for the benefit of Governor William E. Cameron, March 1884

19 pages. Manuscript Volume.

It consists of a 26 February 1884 memorial to the General Assembly of Virginia, a 25 February letter to the Editor of The State, and handwritten commentary. Ruffin states the reasons why he is opposed to passage of the Richmond Dock and Dry dock bill.

Box 6
Item 1: Ledger of James Markham Marshall, including his account with his brother, John Marshall, and surveyor's notes made from 1870-1885 in an unknown hand, [1794-1809]
252 pages. Manuscript Volume.
Box 7
Item 1: A transcription of law notes, pages 1-253, from John Marshall's "Accounts and Law Notes", 1780
Item 2: A transcription of pages 1-423 of journal of personal business accounts kept by John Marshall, 1783-1795
423 pages. Copy Manuscript Volume.
Item 3: Presentation folder for letters of John Marshall to his wife, No date
Box 8
Item 1: Leaves of account book of John Marshall's which were used as padding beneath the covers of his "Accounts and Law Notes,", [1776]

80 pages. Manuscript Volume.

This account book has been microfilmed. See Marshall, John M-104. 1 reel of negative microfilm.

Item 2: Journal of personal business accounts kept by John Marshall; also bound with them is a commonplace book of different legal authorities made while Marshall was a student at the College of William and Mary in the Spring of 1780

See Box 7 for 2 vols. Copy and Typewritten Copy of Manuscript Volume.

423 pages. Manuscript Volume.

This journal of accounts and law notes has been microfilmed. See M-105, M-105a, and M-105b for 3 copies of positive microfilm. See M-l05c for 1 reel of negative microfilm.

Category Other: M-106
Item 1: Jounal in Paris, 17 September 1797 - 11 April 1798

Original is located in the Pickering Papers, Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

This journal is available only on microfilm. See Marshall, John M-107. 1 reel of negative microfilm.

Reprint is avilable in The Papers of John Marshall, 1796-1798 (vol. 3);edited by Herbert A. Johnson, Charles T. Cullen, Nancy G. Harris, Charles F. Hobson, et. al. Call Number: E302 .M365 v.1 - v.10


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence and Papers of John Marshall, Family Members and Other Individuals],
[Series 2: Printed Materials, Poems, and Charts, 1789-1959, No date],
[Series 3: Prints, Engravings, and Artifacts, 1825-1937],
[Series 4: Manuscript Volumes, 1780-1795],
[All]

Administrative Information

Repository
Special Collections Research Center
Physical Access Note:
When available, photocopies, digital surrogates, or other reproductions must be used in place of original documents. All of the papers in this collection have been published in the Papers of John Marshall. The originals may not be photocopied, but users may capture images using personal cameras.
Acquisition Source
Various donations and purchases.
Acquisition Method
This collection is comprised of materials obtained in numerous batches between 1935 and 1984 by donation and purchase. Acc. 1986.02 was purchased and received on 1/17/1986. Acc. 1986.30 was received on 6/30/1986. Acc. 1987.16 was purchased and received on 3/6/1987.
Separated Materials

Books owned by John Marshall have been removed from this collection. For more detailed information about the books please see the Library's Catalog as well as the Association Collection in the Special Collections Research Center, Swem Library.

Newspapers have been transferred from this collection to the rare books collection in the Special Collections Research Center, Swem Library.

All audiovisual material from this collection has been moved to the Manuscripts Audiovisual Collection.

Related Materials

The majority of the copies, comprising approximately 50% of this collection, are from the Marshall House in Richmond, Virginia; the Library of Congress; or the Massachusetts Historical Society, but other depositories are also represented. For information concerning the location of original materials please see the components listing below.

See also John Marshall file in the University Archives Faculty/Alumni File.

Some manuscript volumes located at the end of the collection are also available in microform in the Special Collections Research Center, Swem Library, College of William and Mary. [Reels M-104, M-105(a-c), and M-106]

DVDs from this collection have been moved to the Manuscripts Audiovisual Collection.

Related Publications
The Papers of John Marshall
Preferred Citation
John Marshall Papers, Special Collections Research Center, Swem Library, College of William and Mary.
Other URL
http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaead/published/wm/viw00076.frame